belladonna alkaloid


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belladonna alkaloid

n.
Any of a group of toxic alkaloids, including atropine and scopolamine, found in plants such as belladonna and jimsonweed. These alkaloids are used in medicine in low doses to dilate the pupils of the eyes, dry respiratory passages, prevent motion sickness, and relieve cramping of the intestines and bladder.
References in periodicals archive ?
Naturally occurring anticholinergic compounds are also found as belladonna alkaloids in alkaloid-containing plants, which are often brewed into teas and include hemlock (6) and the Chinese herb, huperzine.
Inadvertent anticholinergic poisoning can result from consumption of foods contaminated with plants that contain belladonna alkaloids. During March 1994, the New York City Department of Health (NYCDOH) investigated seven cases of anticholinergic poisoning in members of three families; three of the seven ill persons required emergency treatment for characteristic manifestations.
The dominant clinical features of the cases described in this report (i.e., tachycardia, fever, dilated pupils, and flushed skin) are characteristic of the anticholinergic effects associated with poisoning by belladonna alkaloids (1).
* Stomach medications and acid reducers, such as omeprazole (Losec or Prilosec), rabeprazole (Rabecid or Asiphex), dicyclomine (Bentyl), propantheline (ProBanthine), belladonna alkaloids (Donnatal), and hyoscyamine (Levsin)