Bees have several raw materials which includes, honey, bee wax, bee venom, royal jelly, propolis, bee bread
Also, and not many people know this, but bees never rest, they never sleep, their honey is a natural antibiotic and when it comes to their diet, they keep it very simple: they eat bee bread
which is basically a fermented pollen.
Honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica) colonies were placed in two apple orchards treated with the insecticides diazinon and thiacloprid and the fungicide difenoconazole in accordance with a Protection Treatment Plan in the spring of 2007, and pollen and bee bread
were collected from combs inside the hives to determine the residues of pesticides .
This material undergoes transformations under the action of temperature, humidity and salivary enzymes (NOGUEIRA-NETO, 1997), and mixed with nectar to form the bee bread
(by honey bees) or 'sambura' (by stingless bees) (MENEZES et al., 2013).
The mass of pollen in a comb cell is called bee bread
and is the major source of protein, oils, vitamins and minerals for the bees.
For the first three days the nurse bees eat large quantities of honey and pollen, bee bread
, which a specialized gland in their jaws convert to a high octane baby food, royal jelly.
Mites were found on the larvae, pupae, bee bread
(fermented pollen mixture stored in the honeybee combs) and in the empty cells.
The base of their product is natural honey, propolis, pollen, royal jelly, bee bread
and other nutrients produced by the bees.
Watching the bees zipping around I realise that above my city there is another city full of busy worker bees and drones, dancing to tell each other where to find pollen, eating bee bread
and royal jelly and tending to their babies and queen.
Microbiology of pollen and bee bread
: the genus Bacillus.
According to the available data, bee products for which nutritional claims can be presented are honey, bee pollen and bee bread
and royal jelly.