bed rest


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bed rest

 
restriction of a patient's activities, either partially or completely. A person on strict bed rest must remain in bed at all times. Many patients are placed on bed rest with bathroom privileges and are permitted to ambulate to a toilet in the bathroom. Bed rest may be prescribed to maintain a pregnancy. It is associated with many hazards of immobility and may be a greater stressor to the patient than a less restrictive activity prescription would be.

The cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal systems all suffer from inactivity and the recumbent position. Cardiac output and capacity, depth of respiration, and peristalsis decrease, while the risk of orthostatic hypotension, thromboembolism, and pulmonary disorders increases. Muscle tone, strength, and endurance decrease. Losses of muscle strength as much as 10 to 15 per cent have been demonstrated after only one week of bed rest. Over extended periods of immobility, collagen components of soft tissues begin to rearrange, resulting in joint capsule tightening and muscle contracture and atrophy. Osteoporotic changes with loss of bone density result from lack of weight bearing and reduction of muscular forces on the bones.

Measures to offset the deleterious effects of immobility are indicated for those confined to bed rest, specifically bed mobility and exercise. Such activities and exercises condition not only the musculoskeletal system, but also other body systems stressed by bed rest. Daily range of motion exercises prevent stiffness in muscles and joints and provide sensory and proprioceptive stimulation. Conditioning exercises enhance cardiac, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal function. Instruction and assistance with an appropriate exercise program can do much to promote the well-being of a patient immobilized by bed rest.

bed rest

maintenance of the recumbent position, in bed, to minimize activity and help recovery from disease; formerly used extensively in treatment of tuberculosis, myocardial infarction, and other diseases.

bed rest

the restriction of a patient to bed for therapeutic reasons for a prescribed period.

bed rest

(bed rest)
Maintenance of the recumbent position, in bed, to minimize activity and facilitate recovery from disease.

bed rest

rest, with the leg supported along its length, with the heel higher than the buttocks
References in periodicals archive ?
On pregnancy bed rest, I throw myself completely to praying as my refuge.
HOSPITAL COMPARED TO HOME | At home an older person may walk 5,000-plus steps a day, but in hospital that can easily drop to under 1,000 | Elderly patients in a bed begin to weaken one day after admission | After just 24 hours of bed rest, 2-5% of muscle power is lost | 10 days of bed rest can lead to up to 10 year's loss of muscle mass | Bed rest contributes to the risk of thrombosis (blood clots); delirium; infection (pneumonia); depression and loss of confidence; constipation; incontinence | Often patients can get around at home, but after a hospital stay are too weak to walk.
To decrease the prevalence of such problems associated with long term bed rest and increase residents' quality of life, Enaya Specialised Care Centre has initiated a new seating programme for all new admissions as well as all existing bed-bound patients who are fit enough to sit.
The majority of the studies used bed rest as the main method for managing SPD in the early phases, mainly in the lateral decubitus position.
PARENTS' CLAIM The on-call ObGyn did not give the patient specific instructions for pelvic and bed rest upon discharge.
Another mother is on bed rest at Akron General Medical Center.
At the 309th hearing of the Ergenekon trial at the Silivri prison complex on Tuesday, presiding judge Hasan HE-seyin Euzese announced that BaE-buy- and Tolon have been given a medical report from the hospital that insists on five days' bed rest in the prison complex.
In the experimental group, patients ambulated 4 hours post-procedure and in the control group, patients ambulated only after 12 to 24 hours bed rest.
To address the difficulty of classifying excessive bleeding in terms of the severity of morbidity it represented, we examined the effect of reclassifying such reports for all provider and method combinations by using information on the reported number of days of bed rest associated with the abortion attempt.
In order to prevent bleeding from the groin puncture site, patients are restricted to bed rest and told to keep the affected limb straight (Lunden et al.
NO BED REST FOR BUS CREW: Bed pushing was all the rage when it came to raising money in the early 1980s - here are see some happy bus crew members in July 1980 about to embark on a sponsored push.
Leg compression and ambulation, compared with bed rest without compression, can effectively decrease swelling and pain (SOR: A, consistent RCTs).