1. a prominence or projection, as from a bone.
2. a series of operations or events leading to achievement of a specific result.
3. to subject to such a series to produce desired changes.
altered family p's former name for the nursing diagnosis interrupted family processes.
alveolar process the part of the bone in either the maxilla or mandible that surrounds and supports the teeth.
basilar process a quadrilateral plate of the occipital bone projecting superiorly and anteriorly from the foramen magnum.
calcaneal process of cuboid bones a process projecting posteriorly from the inferomedial angle of the cuboid bone that supports the anterior calcaneus.
caudate process the right of the two processes on the caudate lobe of the liver.
ciliary p's meridionally arranged ridges or folds projecting from the crown of the ciliary body.
clinoid process any of three processes of the sphenoid bone (anterior, medial, and posterior).
a curved process arising from the upper neck of the scapula and overhanging the shoulder joint; called also coracoid
coronoid process 2.
a projection at the proximal end of the ulna
disturbed thought p's a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the experiencing by an individual of disruption in cognitive operations and activities; it is related to various mental and personality disorders. Contributing factors include physiologic changes, psychologic conflicts, memory loss, impaired judgment, and sleep deprivation. Defining characteristics include inaccurate interpretation of the environment; cognitive dissonance; distractibility; decreased ability to grasp ideas; impaired ability to make decisions, solve problems, or reason; disorientation to time, place, person, circumstances, or events; and inappropriate or nonreality-based thinking.
dysfunctional family p's: alcoholism a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as psychosocial, spiritual, and physiological functions of the family unit that are chronically disorganized, leading to conflict, denial of problems, resistance to change, ineffective problem solving, and a series of self-perpetuating crises. See also alcoholism.
the psychosocial, physiological, and spiritual functions and relationships within the family unit; nursing diagnoses include dysfunctional family processes: alcoholism
and interrupted family processes
interrupted family p's a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a change in family relationships and/or functioning.
malar process zygomatic process of the maxilla.
mammillary process a tubercle on each superior articular process of a lumbar vertebra.
mastoid process a conical projection at the base of the mastoid portion of the temporal bone.
2. a bony process descending from the ethmoid process of the inferior nasal concha.
nursing process see nursing process.
odontoid process a toothlike projection of the axis that articulates with the atlas.
pterygoid process either of the two processes of the sphenoid bone, descending from the points of junction of the great wings and the body of the bone, and each consisting of a lateral and a medial plate.
spinous process of vertebra a part of a vertebra projecting backward from the arch, giving attachment to muscles of the back.
styloid process a long, pointed projection, particularly a long spine projecting downward from the inferior surface of the temporal bone.
uncinate process any hooklike process, as of vertebrae, the lacrimal bone, or the pancreas.
the pointed process of cartilage, supported by a core of bone, connected with the lower end of the sternum; called also xiphoid
The xiphoid process. Redrawn from Applegate, 1995.
zygomatic process a projection in three parts, from the frontal bone, temporal bone, and maxilla, by which they articulate with the zygomatic bone (see Appendix 3-3).
process (pros'es?) [L. processus, going forwards, an advance]
1. A method of action.
2. The state of progress of a disease.
3. A projection or outgrowth of bone or tissue.
4. A series of steps or events that lead to achievement of specific results.
The process of the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone that articulates with the frontal bone.
Wing of the sphenoid bone.
The portion of the mandible and maxilla containing the tooth sockets. Synonym: alveolar bone
articular process of vertebra
One of four small, flat processes (two superior and two inferior) by which vertebrae articulate with each other.
The narrow part of the base of the occipital bone, in front of the foramen magnum, articulating with the sphenoid bone. Synonym: pars basilaris ossis occipitalis
The process of the caudate lobe of the liver extending under the right lobe.
One of about 70 prominent meridional ridges projecting from the corona ciliaris of the choroid coat of the eye to which the suspensory ligament of the lens is attached. These have the same structure as the rest of the choroid and secrete aqueous humor, which nourishes neighboring parts, the cornea, and lens.
Any of three pairs of bony processes on the top of the body of the sphenoid bone, overhanging the edges of the sella turcica.
A posterior process on the superior border of the ramus of the mandible consisting of a capitulum and neck. It articulates with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone. See: mandible for illus
A beak-shaped process extending upward and laterally from the neck of the scapula. The coracoid process is not part of any bone-to-bone articulation although the coracoclavicular ligament holds the clavicle against the acromium of the scapula. The muscles attaching to the coracoid process are the pectoralis major, coracobrachialis, and the short head of the biceps brachii. See: scapula
1. The process on the proximal end of the ulna that forms the anterior portion of the semilunar notch.
2. The process on the anterior upper end of the ramus of the mandible that serves for attachment of the temporalis muscle. See: mandible for illus
The standard or customary application of prevailing laws or rules and the protections that follow from their application.
ensiform processXiphoid process.
A small process on the superior border of the inferior concha that articulates with the uncinate process of the ethmoid.
An extension of the posterior edge of the sacrotuberous ligament to the ramus of the ischium.
An upward projection of the maxilla that articulates with the frontal bone; forms part of the orbit and nasal fossa.
In the area of the primitive mouth of the embryo, a median swelling that is the precursor of the nose, upper lip, and front part of the palate.
The upward-projecting process of the zygomatic bone.
The part of the tunica vaginalis that covers the spermatic cord.
An axial strand of cells in vertebrate embryos extending forward from the primitive knot. It forms a primitive axis about which the embryo differentiates.
The part of the palatine bone that fuses with its counterpart at the midline to form the dorsal extension of the hard palate.
The medially projecting process of the zygomatic bone that articulates with the maxilla. It forms the inferior lateral margin of orbit.
A temporal bone process forming the zygomatic arch.
A process of the occipital bone lying lateral to the occipital condyle.
A short process of the inferior concha that articulates with the lacrimal bone.
A knob on the incus, an auditory ossicle. articulating with the stapes.
A projection from the maxilla that articulates with the zygomatic bone.
The posterior portion of the first branchial arch from which the lower jaw develops.
A horn-shaped process of the mastoid portion of the temporal bone extending downward and forward behind the external auditory meatus. It serves for attachment of the sternocleidomastoid, splenius capitis, and longissimus capitis muscles.
1. The anterior portion of the first branchial arch, which, with medial nasal processes, forms the upper jaw.
2. The process of the inferior nasal concha extending laterally and covering the orifice of the antrum.
3. A process on the anterior border of the perpendicular portion of the palatine bone.
nursing process See: nursing process
ODONTOID PROCESS: articulation of atlas and axis
A toothlike process extending upward from the axis and about which the atlas rotates. Synonym: dens
orbicular processLenticular process.
1. The process at the tip of the perpendicular portion of the palatine bone directed upward and backward.
2. The process of the zygomatic bone that forms the anterior boundary of the temporal fossa.
A process extending transversely from the medial surface of the maxilla. With the corresponding process from the other side, it forms the major portion of the hard palate.
The process of the temporal bone separating the mandibular fossa from the external acoustic meatus.
The process of the sphenoid bone extending downward from the junction of the body and great wing. It consists of the lateral and medial pterygoid plates, which are fused at the top. The top of the pterygoid process is pierced by the pterygoid canal.
The prominence at the posterior part of each vertebra.
spinous process of vertebrae
The posteriormost part of a vertebra. This spine projects back and serves as a point of attachment for muscles of the back.
1. A pointed process of the temporal bone, projecting downward, and to which some of the muscles of the tongue are attached.
2. A pointed projection behind the head of the fibula.
3. A protuberance on the outer portion of the distal end of the radius.
4. An ulnar projection on the inner side of the distal end.
The process extending laterally and dorsally from the arch of a vertebra.
1. Long thin lamina of bone from the orbital plate of the ethmoid articulating with the inferior turbinate.
2. The hook at the anterior end of the hippocampal gyrus.
3. The hooked end of the unciform bone.
uncinate process of the ethmoid bone
A sickle-shaped bony process on the medial wall of the ethmoidal labyrinth below the concha.
vermiform processVermiform appendix.
The process of the arytenoid cartilage that serves for attachment of the vocal cord.
The lowest portion of the sternum; a sword-shaped cartilaginous process supported by bone. No ribs attach to the xiphoid process; however, some abdominal muscles are attached. The xiphoid process ossifies in the aged Synonym: ensiform process; xiphisternum