boost dopamine, a reward and pleasure messenger molecule, in the territory between nerve cells in the brain.
These symptoms will be absent in the individual intoxicated with bath salts
. (5) Although more rare, a pattern of coma and focal neurological symptoms to include decorticate posture and bilateral Babinski signs has been described.
found 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)  to be the predominant synthetic cathinone detected in 19 "bath salts
" cases at 2 poison control centers in the central part of the US during 2010 (5).
Similar to spice products, bath salts
are sold online and in drug paraphernalia stores under a variety of names.
Individuals that have a history of substance abuse report that the effects of bath salts
are most simliar to the effects of 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and cocaine.
The second patient was admitted to the hospital, discharged, and revisited the ED the same day of discharge after again using "bath salts
." The third patient was treated in the ED twice, with the visits 1 month apart.
are stimulants that boost levels of dopamine, a messenger molecule related to reward and pleasure, as well as norepinephrine and serotonin, which play roles in attentiveness and mood.
That year, "poison centers nationwide responded to about 3,200 calls related to synthetic marijuana and bath salts
. In 2011, that number jumped to more than 13,000 calls.
Last year, there were 6,959 calls related to synthetic marijuana and 6,138 calls about bath salts
, compared with 2,906 and 304 calls, respectively in 2010, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers.
“Oddly enough, we didn't even find any evidence to suggest that these fake 'bath salts
' even contain Sodium Chloride (Sea Salt), Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salt), or any combination of those two, which are generally staple ingredients of a typical and true bath salt
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 7, 2019-: Bath Salts
Market Growth Strategy 2019 | Global Industry Demand, Size, Value Share, Business Opportunity, Regional Trend and Gross Margin by Forecast to 2023
are marketed as plant food, jewelry cleaner, insect repellant and research chemicals.