"Dead bats present a health hazard as they may still be infectious with Australian bat lyssavirus
. The health advice for anyone cleaning up dead bats is ideally they should have had a full course of vaccination for rabies, they should wear adequate personal protective equipment and use a shovel, rather than using their hands," he said.
Now Public Health England says a dead serotine bat at an undisclosed location in Dorset was infected with European Bat Lyssavirus
The genus Lyssavirus includes fourteen species which are classified by their genomic sequence; they are the RABV Lagos bat virus (LBV), Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus (DUVV), European bat lyssavirus
type 1 (EBLV1), European bat lyssavirus
type 2 (EBLV2), Australian bat lyssavirus
(ABLV), Aravan virus (ARAV) and Khujand virus (KHUV), Irkut virus (IRKV), West Caucasian bat virus (WCBV), Bokeloh bat lyssavirus
(BBLV), Ikoma Lyssavirus (IKOV) and Shimoni bat virus (SHIBV).
Australian bat lyssavirus
infection: a second human case, with a long incubation period.
The zoonotic diseases Australian Bat Lyssavirus
and Hendra virus both require close contact with bats, or horses infected from bats, respectively.
There are 14 recognized species in the genus Lyssavirus: rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssavirus
types 1 and 2, Australian bat lyssavirus
(ABLV), Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus, Irkut virus, Shimoni bat virus, Bokeloh bat lyssavirus
, West Caucasian bat virus, and Ikoma lyssavirus (IKOV) (1).
Susceptibility of sheep to European bat lyssavirus
type-1 and -2 infection: A clinical pathogenesis study.
Additionally, 38 homologous sequences recovered from GenBank were included in the phylogenetic trees of the N and G genes (29 and none, respectively) and European bat Lyssavirus
1 (another specie in the Lyssavirus) was used as an outgroup.
O genero Lyssavirus inclui 11 especies conhecidas (Tabela 1), e 11 genotipos identificados ate o momento, consistindo no virus classico da raiva (RABV, genotipo 1), Lagos bat virus (LBV, genotipo 2), Mokola virus (MOKV, genotipo 3), Duvenhage virus (DUVV, genotipo 4), European bat lyssavirus
(EBLV-1, genotipo 5), European bat lyssavirus
(EBLV-2, genotipo 6), e Australian bat lyssavirus
(ABLV, genotipo 7).
Phylogroup I comprises the worldwide serotype 1 [classical rabies virus and Australian Bat Lyssavirus
(ABL)] (28), (29), serotype 4 (Duvenhage virus), serotype 5 [European Bat Lyssavirus
1 (EBL-1)] and serotype 6 [European Bat Lyssavirus
2 (EBL-2)] (30), (31).