"The Legitimacy of Bastards
: The Place of Illegitimate Children in Later Medieval England" by Helen Matthes is the first extensive study of the Medieval era in England to consider the individuals who had illegitimate children, the ways in which they provided for them and attitudes towards both the parents and the bastard
All modern Bastards
are thought to be the descendants of Robert Bastard
, who had several manors in the area under England's William I.
(31) For good descriptions of these traditions, see not only Zunshine, but also Allison Findlay, Illegitimate Power: Bastards
in Renaissance Drama (Cambridge U.
A few years ago, I had a difficult time reviewing Maple Razsa's feature documentary Bastards
of Utopia (2010).
The (http://www.ibtimes.com/what-jon-snows-real-name-rlj-confirmation-sparks-new-game-thrones-fan-theory-2388275) bastard
of house Stark headed into the showdown with an army assembled by he and half sister (http://www.ibtimes.com/game-thrones-theories-will-jon-snow-sansa-stark-survive-season-8-kit-harington-sophie-2403638) Sansa Stark (Sophie Turner) with the help of Lyanna Mormont (Bella Ramsey).
Section 2, the longest, slows to a crawl, lingering on Jevrem's angst and the repetitive escapades of his disaffected, multiethnic "bastards
," teenaged Bosnian transplants who drink, do drugs, "liberate" goods from haves, and give randomly to have-nots.
Raphaelle is a slim, dark-haired beauty, barely distinguishable from the other women of Bastards
: Politics, Family, and Law in Early Modern France.
Craig Rosebraugh's docu "Greedy, Lying Bastards
" covers ground well-traveled by environmental exposes from "An Inconvenient Truth" to "The Island President." Rosebraugh, however, focuses less on the issue of global warming itself and more on the climate change deniers and their big-money backers.
: ON THE GROUND IN AFGHANISTAN WITH AMERICA'S ELITE SPECIAL FORCES provides a powerful account of the Green Berets--a corps of soldiers who made military history and who were the military's counterinsurgency experts, trained in working behind enemy lines.
Gerber, Matthew, Bastards
: Politics, Family, and Law in Early Modern France, New York, Oxford University Press, 2012; hardback; pp.
While pre-Christian Roman law had not treated illegitimacy as a moral or social problem, the Christian emperors stigmatized bastards
as the shameful products of illicit intercourse and imposed a variety of penalties upon them--among other disabilities, they became ineligible to hold public office, and their parents were banned from giving them gifts or leaving legacies to them.