basic research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.

basic research

A generic term which, as used in medicine, refers to the investigation of biological phenomena to gain knowledge or understanding of interactions at the cellular or molecular level, without targeting specific applications or commercial objectives.
References in periodicals archive ?
This uniquely American combination of publicly and privately funded basic research has sustained U.
Finally, in contrast to most previous studies in this area, the equation predicts that, in the long-run, private investment in basic research responds negatively to an increase in sales, whether these are to the government or non-government sector.
Much of that basic research is under-written by the federal government, which, in 2003, supported 60.
41(b)(3)(A), if an expenditure were to be classified as a basic research expenditure, the amount that exceeds the qualified organization's base-period amount is not treated as a qualified research expense, nor is it used in the computation of the base-period amount.
If he had instead issued a strong call for therapeutic cloning from donor eggs, coupled with an equally strong sanction against the intentional creation of new fertilized eggs for research purposes and the implantation of any experimentally modified human embryos into a woman's body, he would have opened up a most promising second line of basic research for a ll, instead of restricting federal support to a set of cell lines tainted by the crushed intentions of their donors that they become people, the certainty of immune rejection down the road, and the commercial implications of a premature monopoly.
The industry implies that all its hard-earned profits go into basic research.
Congress increased DOD's basic research budget by 6.
Basic research studies to advance our understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of sleep and sleep disorders are also included in the NIAMS research portfolio.
Casual readers are probably not familiar with the difference between clinical and basic research or how either affects them.
Because basic research is presumed to be a "public good" whose benefits are shared by all, and no competitive business can be expected to pay for something whose benefits must be shared.
A lot of basic research goes nowhere, of course, but AT&T, the owner of Bell Labs, knew that Blonder's fresh insights into electron behavior might someday make possible a momentous breakthrough, perhaps a new type of computer chip as revolutionary as the transistor, which came out of Bell Labs in 1947.

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