basic research


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research

 
the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.

basic research

A generic term which, as used in medicine, refers to the investigation of biological phenomena to gain knowledge or understanding of interactions at the cellular or molecular level, without targeting specific applications or commercial objectives.
References in periodicals archive ?
The answer is that the Pentagon has application-specific basic research needs that are not well addressed elsewhere, a direct contradiction to DoD's own DODI 3210.1.
Earlier this year, FSMA's Advisory Boards met to evaluate new research funding for 37 basic research grant applications and 7 drug discovery projects for SMA.
A measure of intellectual property that raises special concerns is the number of industry-authored basic research articles in peer-reviewed journals, an indicator of the participation by U.S.
Another important voice is that of basic research (also known as pure or fundamental research), which simply has the objective of understanding the nature of something better.
The story of MIT and Stanford provide insights into the role that university basic research plays in national and regional competitiveness.
For more information on the Superfund Basic Research Program see: http://www-apps.niehs.nih.gov/sbrp/
Basic research helped lead to the development of our current disease-modifying therapies and over the past 20 years the Society has funded 61 clinical studies of potential new MS drugs.
Lannfelt's group is conducting basic research to further advance knowledge about the Arctic mutation of A, for immunotherapy in Alzheimer's disease.
If his work becomes more important than the understanding of Parkinson's pathology, it would mark a shift from basic research to applied research with shorter, less complete visions.
For decades, corporate R & D leaders and university researchers have looked at each other across a broad chasm: Companies have wanted access to research they can commercialize quickly, often within a fiscal quarter, and they've had scant patience for the academic pursuit of the frontiers of knowledge, or basic research. The universities, meanwhile, have been suspicious of corporate motives, often believing that company researchers only have dollar signs in their eyes.
Instead, this book provides an understanding of overall cellulose and pulp properties to give the plant operating people, the lab technicians and the basic research and development personnel, a better appreciation of their starting material's virtues and limitations.
The vision Bush proposed clearly recognized that the applications developed from basic research often appeared many years after the work was initiated, and that there may be no clear benefit realized from much of this work.

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