basic reproductive number

basic reproductive number

the average number of people to whom a given illness is transmitted by anyone else with that illness.
See also: transmission (2), virulence.
References in periodicals archive ?
(28.) Plans Rubio P Is the basic reproductive number ([R.sub.0]) for measles viruses observed in recent outbreaks lower than in the pre-vaccination era?
First, None of these models reconcile the very small per-exposure hiv-1 acquisition probability with the high estimate of the basic reproductive number, R0, During acute phase infection.
The basic reproductive number, [R.sup.0], is the most critical epidemic threshold given its applicability and suitability for deciding whether an outbreak will occur or fade out, making it essential for guiding disease control efforts.
For epidemiological model, the basic reproductive number is a crucial threshold which determines the dynamics of the model.
We define [R.sub.0] in (6) as the deterministic basic reproductive number.
Basic Reproductive Number. We apply the next generation matrix method for the derivation of [R.sub.0] [16].
This essay established the rumor propagation model (SIWR rumor propagation model) with various transmission routes and obtained the basic reproductive number [R.sub.0SIWR].
The basic reproductive number ([R.sub.0]) and the critical number ([R.sub.c]) were obtained.
Ogden's new study uses biological modeling to quantify the impact of temperature on the "basic reproductive number," denoted [R.sub.0], of ticks in Canada.
These measured exposure results were then used to calculate the probability of getting infected and the basic reproductive number in order to evaluate the protective effectiveness of the air delivery system.
We obtained a basic reproductive number by using the next generation method (van den Driessche and Watmough, 2002)[4].
We call [R.sub.0] the basic reproductive number. It is easy to prove that if [R.sub.0] > 1, model (1) exist an infected equilibrium [E.sup.*]([T.sup.*],[I.sup.*],[V.sup.*],[B.sup.*]), where
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