leucocephala in the ration on feed intake, molar proportions of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), changes in rumen protozoa population and enteric C[H.sub.4] emissions by heifers fed a basal ration of tropical grass.
Basal ration consisted of fresh forage of Taiwan (Pennisetum purpureum [Ppurpureum]) grass and increasing levels of chopped forage of L.
Comparative evaluation of cotton seed meal and sunflower seed meal in urea molasses blocks versus commercial concentrate as supplement to basal ration
of wheat straw with stall-fed buffalo calves.
The animals on T0 showed significantly lower milk yield as compared to T2 and T1, it might be due to that animals were maintained only on basal ration
. The animals maintained on T3 (450 g day-1 animal-1) also showed a non-significant difference in milk yield as compared to T0 it may be concluded that milk yield on higher level of by-pass fat supplementation (>350 g day-1 animal-1) depressed the milk yield.
The blend composition (Table 1) was incorporated in the basal ration
at different levels with a control group.
Lambs were fed a basal ration
comprised of concentrate feed mixture (CFM) and clover hay (CH) with 70: 30, respectively (Table I).
The 1st group expressed as (control) and received basal ration
while rabbits in 2nd, 3rd, 4* and 5th groups were received the basal ration
supplemented with mixture juice of (LOG) at levels (5, 10, 15 and 20 ml/ kg DM intake) (V/W), respectively.
The experimental diets were prepared by adding certain amounts of organic (Sel-Plex-50) and inorganic Selenium (Se) (sodium selenite) sources that provided 0, 0.15, 0.30 and 0.60 ppm Se in the basal ration. The experimental period was six weeks.
The experimental diets were prepared by adding certain amounts of organic (Sel-Plex-50, Alltech) and inorganic (sodium selenite) Se sources that provided 0 (control), 0.15, 0.30 and 0.60 ppm Se in the basal ration. Starter and grower diets were formulated according to the recommendations in the Ross management manual and NRC (1994).
0, 150, 300, 600 mg/head/d (equivalent to 0, 75, 150, 300 IU/d or 0, 20.1, 40.2, 80.4 IU/kg DM, 1 mg all-rac-[alpha]-tocopheryl acetate = 1 International Unit), were supplemented to the basal ration (VE content 38 IU/kg DM) in a 4 x 4 Latin square design as experimental treatments I, II, III, and IV, respectively.
In the present trial, the VE supply from the basal ration for the cattle was 142 IU/head/d (38 IU/kg DM x 3.73 DM intake) which was lower than the amount suggested by McDowell et al.
The experimental groups were designed as (1-) no supplementation to basal ration
(Control-Group I); (2-) supplementation of 500 ppm vitamin C and 200 ppm lead (as lead acetate) to basal ration
(Group II); (3-) supplementation of 1 g/kg propolis and 200 ppm lead (as lead acetate) to basal ration
(Group III); and (4-) supplementing of 200 ppm lead (as lead acetate) to basal ration
(Group IV) for a period of 3-42 days.