balloon atrial septostomy


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms.
Related to balloon atrial septostomy: Truncus arteriosus

balloon atrial septostomy

A procedure in which the formamen ovale—which communicates between the right and left atria in the foetus and normally closes shortly after birth—is expanded by a balloon to allow free mixing of blood. The procedure is performed in infants with (dextro-) transposition of the great arteries, a cyanotic congenital heart disease; it has also been used for pulmonary hypertension.

balloon atrial septostomy

The surgical enlargement of an opening between the cardiac atria for palliative relief of congestive heart failure in newborns with certain heart defects. A deflated balloon is inserted into a vein, passed through the foramen ovale, and then inflated and pulled vigorously through the atrial septum to enlarge the opening and improve oxygenation of the blood. Synonym: Rashkind procedure
See also: septostomy
References in periodicals archive ?
Balloon atrial septostomy guided by echocardiography in a neonatal intensive care unit.
Echocardiographically assisted balloon atrial septostomy.Pediatrics.
Role of balloon atrial septostomy before early arterial switch repair of transposition of the great arteries.
Early discontinuation of intravenous prostaglandin E1 after balloon atrial septostomy is associated with an increased risk of rebound hypoxemia.
Balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) was introduced by Rashkind and Miller in 1966 and is an effective palliative procedure in children with transposition of the great arteries and poor inter-circulatory mixing4.
Balloon atrial septostomy was successfully performed in ward in 42 (86%) cases (group 1), while seven (14%) cases (group 2) were shifted to cath lab for completion of procedure as shown in table-I.
In neonates with small restrictive inter atrial communications, even presence of VSD/PDA may not allow adequate mixing of blood, thus necessitating creation of ASD with the help of balloon atrial septostomy. Rashkind and Miller, in 1966 gave description of the BAS and thus open door for interventional cardiology12,13.
Left ventricular regression after balloon atrial septostomy in d-transposition of the great arteries.
Transesophageal echocardiographic guidance of balloon atrial septostomy. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1991; 4: 631-5.
Balloon atrial septostomy in end-stage pulmonary hypertension guided by a novel intracardiac echocardiographic transducer.

Full browser ?