ballistic stretching


Also found in: Wikipedia.
Stretching or 'warming up' using the momentum of a moving body or a limb in an attempt to force it beyond its normal range of motion, by bouncing in or out of a stretched position, using the stretched muscles as a spring to pull out of the stretched position; ballistic stretching is not considered useful and can lead to injury; it does not allow the muscles to adjust to, and relax in, the stretched position, but rather may cause them to tighten up by repeatedly activating the stretch reflex

ballistic stretching

Bouncing stretching Sports medicine Rapid, jerking movements in which a body part is moved with a momentum that would stretch the muscles to a maximum; during the bouncing motion, the muscle responds by contracting, to protect itself from overstretching
References in periodicals archive ?
The effects of stretching may be mode dependent, as some studies report that short durations of ballistic stretching (BS) can increase jump height and decrease ground reaction time.
Further research should focus on the effects of antagonist stretching using other techniques like PNF or ballistic stretching and/or different volumes of stretching on the isokinetic peak torques and electromyographic activities of the nonstrectched agonist muscles.
[1] The second component of warm-up consists of different types of stretching exercises such as static stretching (SS), dynamic stretching (DS), ballistic stretching (BS) and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.
Ballistic stretching increases flexibility and acute vertical jump height when combined with basketball activity.
Also, dynamic stretching (also referred to as Ballistic stretching) may be an excellent substitute for PS, especially since it might be less likely to decrease strength and performance while producing similar results in flexibility improvement (3).
Ballistic stretching incorporates bouncing movements in which the muscles and tendons are rapidly stretched and relaxed (Garber et al., 2011).
(1985) investigated the effect of 30 days of PNF and ballistic stretching, followed by 30 days of on-going PNF stretching alone.
The difference is that at the end, instead of an antagonist muscle contraction or a passive stretching, dynamic stretching and ballistic stretching is used.
"Ballistic stretching serves a motor-learning function, since repetitive ballistic movements are often part of today's choreography," says James Harren, an exercise physiologist who works with Houston Ballet's dancers.
The most common form of this stretching type is ballistic stretching, which imposes passive momentum to increase ROM on relaxed or contracted muscles.
"I firmly believe in ballistic stretching. The medical market teaches this wrong.
The theme for this is warm-ups and cool downs, introducing dynamic and ballistic stretching.

Full browser ?