ballismus


Also found in: Encyclopedia.

hemiballismus

 [hem″e-bah-liz´mus]
violent motor restlessness of half of the body, most marked in the upper limbs.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

bal·lis·mus

(bal-iz'mŭs),
A type of involuntary movement affecting the proximal limb musculature, manifested in jerking, flinging movements of the extremity; caused by a lesion of or near the contralateral subthalamic nucleus. Usually only one side of the body is involved, resulting in hemiballismus.
Synonym(s): ballism
[G. ballismos, a jumping about]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

bal·lis·mus

(bă-liz'mŭs)
A type of involuntary movement affecting the proximal limb musculature, manifested as jerking, flinging movements of the extremity; caused by a lesion of or near the contralateral subthalamic nucleus. Usually only one side of the body is involved,resulting in hemiballismus.
[G. ballismos, a jumping about]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
[14] In refractory cases, or those patients with debilitating ballismus, drugs that block the postsynaptic dopamine receptors, such as haloperidol or risperidone, can be used.
Movement disorders related with hyperglycemia may be in the form of chorea and/or ballismus. The second most common cause of hemiballismus following stroke is known to be hyperglycemia (2).
She continues to experience dysarthrotic speech, buccolingual choreoathetosis with generalized choreoathetosis, and intermittent dystonia and ballismus, which affect her gait and fine-motor skills, Dr.
Paralizi, parkinsonizm, apraksi, tremor, ballismus, myoklonus, periferik noropati, spinal kord defisitleri gibi norolojik bulgularla beraber cok farkli gorunumlerde yuruyus bozukluklari izlenebilir (7,8).
Motor problems associated with cerebral palsy Motor Problem Site of Injury Spasticity Upper motor neuron (UMN) Dystonia, Athetosis, Ballismus Deep motor neurons (basal ganglia, thalamus Ataxia Cerebellar neurons (cerebellum) Hypotonia Lower motor neuron (LMN)
has also developed a severe movement disorder, which causes periods of intractable bilateral ballismus. Like most children with chronic illness or disabilities, J.J.