with inhaled agents in combination with different opioids has been the method for these procedures.
Patients were anaesthetized by standardized balanced anaesthesia
However preoperative optimization of cardiac status, administration of balanced anaesthesia
, proper intraoperative monitoring and low pressure pneumoperitoneum are essential steps to patient safety.
Brichant, and V Bonhomme, "Effects of nitrous oxide on spectral entropy of the EEG during surgery under balanced anaesthesia
with sufentanil and sevourane," Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica, vol.
Biedler, "TIVA with propofol/remifentanil compared to balanced anaesthesia
with sevoflurane/fentanyl in gynaecological laparoscopic surgery," Anaesthesist, vol.
Sufentanil to supplement nitrous oxide in oxygen during balanced anaesthesia
. Anaesthesia, v.43, p.749-752, 1988.
The third section, on perioperative use of opioids, had some interesting material on neuroleptic anaesthesia but was unbalanced, having extensive coverage of sufentantil but lacking a consideration of the electrophysiologic evidence for the use of balanced anaesthesia
Implicit memory during balanced anaesthesia
: Lack of evidence.
The reason could be that the patients in Schwartz et al received premedication with pethidine, diazepam and balanced anaesthesia
was induced with droperidol, fentanyl and thiopentone which could have influenced the intubatory conditions.
In clinical aspects effect of neuromuscular block lasts in 20 to 35 min when administered under balanced anaesthesia
and in recovery phase more than 25% control can be achieved within an half hour and complete recovery can be achieved within 60 minutes.
Weiss, "A comparison of total intravenous with balanced anaesthesia
for middle ear surgery: effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting, pain and conditions of surgery," Anaesthesia, vol.