balance theory


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bal·ance the·o·ry

in social psychology, a theory that assumes that steady and unsteady states can be specified for cognitive units (for example, a person and his or her attitudes or acts) and that such units tend to seek steady states (balance); for example, balance exists when both parts of a unit are evaluated the same, but disequilibrium arises when both parts are not evaluated the same, which causes either cognitive reevaluation of the parts or their segregation.
See also: cognitive dissonance theory, consistency principle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Online schools balance theory and practice by giving assignments that encourage group collaboration and field research.
An integration of representative definitions of wisdom, such as the Berlin wisdom paradigm (Baltes & Staudinger, 2000), the balance theory of wisdom (Sternberg, 1998), and Ardelt's (2003) three-dimensional wisdom theory, demonstrates that in a psychological context, wisdom generally integrates morality and intelligence, such that, at its essence, wisdom is an alloy of these two qualities (Staudinger & Gluck, 2011).
Second, freedom supply (the amount of Internet freedom in a given country), and individual perception of freedom supply in particular, was found to be negatively associated with people's demand for both Internet freedom and Internet control, which partially supports the prediction of balance theory.
This breakdown into functional areas that balance theory and practice makes the book comprehensive and readable.
Dual training refers to the combination of practical, on-the-job, enterprise-based training and theoretical education in a school, to balance theory and practice.
Such calculations are covered in over thirty-five examples of applications that balance theory with real-world considerations, with chapters showing how the FEM method has become a common engineering tool.
Within the eight chapters, the authors try to balance theory, practice, and policy to present a well-rounded view of what educators, parents, and administrators need to know about the implications of RtI for gifted learners.
Structural balance theory considers the positive or negative ties between three individuals, or triads, and suggests that "the friend of my enemy is my enemy" triangle is more stable and should be more common than "the friend of my friend is my enemy" triangle.
Balance theory [9] which originated in social psychology in the mid-20th-century, constructs a triangle with two people and the event between them.
Second, we introduce information integration theory and balance theory as the foundation oil which we base our hypotheses development.
The book's explanations are supported with tables, diagrams, and equations in an attempt to balance theory with practical applications to elements such as pipes, domes, and pressure vessels.
As Bazerman reminds us, balance theory emphasizes that we want consistency when we organize our thoughts and think about our expertise.