bacterial translocation


Also found in: Acronyms.

bacterial translocation

the movement of bacteria or bacterial products across the intestinal membrane to emerge either in the lymphatics or the visceral circulation.

bac·te·ri·al trans·lo·ca·tion

(bak-tēr'ē-ăl tranz-lō-kā'shŭn)
The movement of bacteria or bacterial products across the intestinal membrane to emerge either in the lymphatics or the visceral circulation.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that methylprednisolone reduces bacterial translocation by preventing intestinal oxidative damage in this model of acute liver failure in rats.
Effect of hepatocyte growth factor on intestinal permeability and bacterial translocation after small bowel transplantation in rat.
Furthermore, our data suggest that SPF takes part in early stages of sepsis, by assisting bacterial translocation across the endothelial barrier and facilitating access to the bloodstream.
Bacterial translocation and its prevention in acute pancreatitis.
IAP ACTIVITY INHIBITS THE GASTROINTESTINAL INFLAMMATORY CASCADE AND SUPPRESSES BACTERIAL TRANSLOCATION
Like Th1 cells, the suppression of Th17 cells in the context of the alcohol/burn model may mean enhanced susceptibility to bacterial translocation and infection.
12) However, any compromise of the gastrointestinal mucosa-such as in Crohn disease (in combination with acquired neutropenia) (11) or diverticulitis (13)--may permit bacterial translocation and invasion.
Although the significance of the episodes in category 4 was not fully understood, these cases could represent subclinical infection secondary to transient bacterial translocation or mild viral infection.
Elemental diet induced bacterial translocation associated with systemic and intestinal immune suppression.
intestinal bacterial overgrowth synergistically promote bacterial translocation.
Bacterial translocation is defined as the phenomenon by which organisms or their products escape from the intestinal tract to extra-luminal sites such as mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, spleen and the bloodstream (2).