bacterial tracheitis


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Related to bacterial tracheitis: croup

tracheitis

 [tra″ke-i´tis]
inflammation of the trachea.
bacterial tracheitis an acute crouplike bacterial infection of the upper airway in children, with coughing and high fever. Called also bacterial, membranous, or pseudomembranous croup.

bacterial tracheitis

Acute inflammation of the trachea, which is most often caused by Staphylococcus aureus. It typically follows a recent viral infection and primarily affects young children, whose narrower bore tracheas are at increased risk of closure by mucosal oedema.
Clinical findings Croup-like cough, dyspnoea, high fever.
Exam Intercostal retraction, stridor.
Imaging Thumb and little finger sign.
Lab ABGs, culture (nasopharynx, trachea).
Management Intubation, O2 therapy, antibiotics.
References in periodicals archive ?
aureus is the organism most often responsible for bacterial tracheitis, there has been some concern that an uptick in cases will be seen as a result of widespread outbreaks of methicillin-resistant S.
The widespread immunization of children against Haemwhilus influenza type b and the use of corticosteroids to treat viral croup have likely contributed to the decline in viral croup and epiglottitis, and the resulting prevalence of cases of bacterial tracheitis, reported Dr.
Respiratory failures were three times more likely to be caused by bacterial tracheitis than by viral croup and epiglottitis combined, they said.
Of the 18 cases of bacterial tracheitis reviewed, 17 (94%) children were sent to the PICU and 15 (83%) of these needed to be intubated and five had serious complications.