Duncan, "Thiol-activated cytolysins," in Bacterial ToxIns
and Cell Membranes, J.
When they injected a bacterial toxin
into mice to induce sepsis, mice whose ability to make SphK1 had been blocked avoided sepsis.
And many die from shock induced by the bacterial toxin
, or endotoxin.
"We found that cytokine response to a simulated bacterial toxin
was significantly reduced at the higher level of protein."
Bt cotton makes a bacterial toxin
that tends to kill moths and butterflies.
"The stress somehow triggered an abnormal immune response to a bacterial toxin
," indicates John Sheridan, professor of molecular virology.
in powdered skim milk produced at Snow Brand Milk Products Co.'s Taiki factory in Hokkaido was the cause of the widespread food-poisoning outbreak in June and July in western Japan, investigators said Wednesday in their final report.
Fluorescence decreases when the cells are exposed to membrane-damaging bacterial toxin
. The scientists then use a fluorometer to measure the decrease, for comparison with the fluorescence of mono-layers receiving no toxin.
In an attempt to disrupt HIV's hijacking of CD59, Yu and colleagues at IU and Harvard University crafted a molecule from a bacterial toxin
that is known to bind to the CD59 protein.
His group recently devised strips that sense the poison ricin and a bacterial toxin
called staphylococcal enterotoxin B.