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backronymA portmanteau of “back” and “acronym”, describing a word that was retrospectively turned into an acronym. The prototypic medical backronym is that of the Apgar rating system named after Virginia Apgar; 10 years after her seminal publication, the mnemonic backronym APGAR was created in the US and been widely adopted in countries where English is spoken. It stands for Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiration.
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