backbone


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spine

 [spīn]
1. a thornlike process or projection; called also acantha and spina.
2. the rigid bony structure in the midline of the back, composed of the vertebrae; called also backbone, spinal column, and vertebral column.



The spinal column is the axis of the skeleton; the skull and limbs are in a sense appendages. The vertebrae also provide the protective bony corridor (spinal canal) through which the spinal cord passes; they can move to a certain extent and so give flexibility to the spine, allowing it to bend forward, sideways and, to a lesser extent, backward. In the areas of the neck and lower back, the spine also can pivot, which permits the turning of the head and torso.

There are usually 24 movable vertebrae and nine that are fused together. The topmost are the seven cervical vertebrae, which form the back of the neck, supporting the skull. The head turns from side to side by means of a pivotal motion between the two highest vertebrae. Below these are the 12 thoracic vertebrae, the supports on which the ribs are hinged, and then the five lumbar vertebrae, the largest movable vertebrae (the cervical are the smallest). Below the lumbar vertebrae, the spine terminates with two groups of vertebrae fused into single bones: the sacrum, composed of five vertebrae, and the coccyx, composed of four vertebrae. Viewed from the side of the body, the spine has the shape of a gentle double S curve.
Malformations of the Spine. Of the various types of spinal malformations, some are congenital and others the result of postural defects or injuries. spina bifida is congenital. kyphosis may occasionally be congenital but is more often caused by one of the diseases that attack the structure of the bones. The most common of these is pott's disease, or tuberculosis affecting the vertebrae and soft tissues of the spine. Another is osteitis deformans, a type of bone inflammation in which parts of the bone are replaced by softer tissue. scoliosis is a curvature of the spine toward one side.
cervical spine that portion of the spine comprising the cervical vertebrae.
lumbar spine that portion of the spine comprising the lumbar vertebrae.
thoracic spine that part of the spine comprising the thoracic vertebrae.

ver·te·bral col·umn

[TA]
the series of vertebrae that extend from the cranium to the coccyx, providing support and forming a flexible bony case for the spinal cord.

backbone

(băk′bōn′)
n.
1. The vertebrate spine or spinal column.
2. Chemistry The main chain of atoms in a polymer.

back′boned′ adj.

backbone

the vertebral column.

backbone

Vox populi Vertebral column, see there.

ver·te·bral col·umn

(vĕr'tĕ-brăl kol'ŭm) [TA]
The series of vertebrae that extend from the cranium to the coccyx, providing support and forming a flexible bony case for the spinal cord.
Synonym(s): columna vertebralis [TA] , backbone, rachis, spina, spinal column, spine (2) .

backbone

The vertebral column or spine.

backbone

see VERTEBRAL COLUMN.

backbone

the vertebral column.

Patient discussion about backbone

Q. Anyone have knowledge of cancer in the spine? Doctors think my 40 year old brother has. My brother has been undergoing test and treatnment for back problems since a vehicle accident in August. The did a test last week and Monday said they saw 4 nodules they think are cancer, his doctor said everytime he had seen this it was cancer. I am devestated right now but trying to stay positive. I am sure you will notice it on the site b/c I know it is affecting me and the stress and worry has the fibromyalgia kicking in at full speed:-( PLEASE anything you can tell me would be a help!

A. Thank you for the answer and the prayers!

Q. I have hurt my cervical spine and shoulder in a rear end car crash in July. Why does it still hurt?

A. Spine and back injuries are known to to be causing a lot of pain and discomfort and for a long period of time. You should try and do some mellow exercise and physiotherapy that might help you a lot. If the pain is unbarable, you should consult your doctor about using pain medications.

Q. Has anyone had a spine fusion that failed? Or hardware that failed?

A. Haven't experienced it myself, but here (http://www.spine-health.com/forum/treatments/back-surgery-and-neck-surgery) you may find a discussion about it.

More discussions about backbone
References in periodicals archive ?
The report, "Watching the Bandwidth Flow - The 2001 ISP Backbone Market" (No.
Costs include purchase of private property needed to connect the Backbone Trail, or BBT, from Zuma Ridge to the next areas of public open space to the west, the closest being Circle X Ranch and Point Mugu State Park.
Although Backbone Switch vendors are adopting technology to allow direct connection to both FC-AL and Fabric-aware storage devices it adds even more cost to the implementation.
Park one car in the paved Backbone Trailhead lot situated in front and to the right of the tunnel.
Best guidebook: McAuley's ``Guide to the Backbone Trail'' (Canyon Publishing; $7.
Interested parties can buy a chunk of the trail by contributing $100 a foot to the Backbone Trail Completion Campaign.
The Backbone Trail extends from Will Rogers State Historic Park in Pacific Palisades to Point Mugu State Park in Ventura County.
The network is not only used as an education and resource network but is also an integral part of the Internet backbone in China.
The backbone will be one of the longest continuous urban trails in America, but only when the final pieces of the puzzle fit together.
McDATA Corporation (Nasdaq: MCDTA) (Nasdaq: MCDT), a leading provider of storage networking solutions, today announced that IBM is now offering IBM(R) TotalStorage(R)-branded products based on the McDATA Intrepid 10000 Backbone Director (i10K) and Eclipse 2640 SAN Router.
TOKYO -- Groundbreaking Trial Successfully Delivers DVD-quality (MPEG-2) Television Programming over Asia Netcom Japan's Internet Backbone
McDATA Corporation (Nasdaq:MCDTA)(Nasdaq:MCDT), the leading provider of storage networking solutions, today announced that Hitachi Data Systems Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hitachi Ltd (NYSE:HIT), is the first to sell and ship the Intrepid(R) i10K Backbone Director, the industry's only backbone director.