bacillary

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bacillary

 [bas´ĭ-lar″e]
pertaining to bacilli or to rodlike structures.
bacillary dysentery the most common and violent form of dysentery, caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella. It is most common in the tropics, the subtropics, and East Asia and can be fatal, especially among children. It can erupt anyplace where sanitation is poor and large groups of people, including carriers of the disease, are crowded together.

The disease is spread through the feces of carriers who have the bacteria in their intestines; such individuals may have diarrhea or dysentery or may seem perfectly well in spite of carrying the disease. Infection may come after eating or drinking from anything contaminated with bacteria from the feces of these carriers. Even touching something contaminated and then touching the mouth can cause infection. Flies also spread the disease.

Attacks of bacillary dysentery are always acute after the incubation period of a few days. Temperature may rise as high as 40°C (104°F), sometimes with symptoms of dehydration, shock, and delirium. Bowel movements may be as many as 30 to 40 a day. Running its normal course, without special medicines, it is usually over within a few weeks from its outset, although an attack in a child may be more serious and last longer.

Ampicillin is the drug of choice for sensitive strains of Shigella in the United States and is usually effective in relieving the symptoms and controlling bacillary dysentery in a day or two.

The greatest threat of dysentery is from deficient fluid volume and electrolyte imbalance, which must be corrected by the intravenous administration of fluids and electrolytes lost in the watery stools.

Although the usual dysenteric illness may last a few weeks if not treated with special medicines, symptoms of intestinal ulceration, diarrhea, and painful spasms in evacuating may in a few cases continue for a longer time.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ba·cil·lar

, bacillary (bas'i-lar, bas'i-lā-rē),
Shaped like a rod; consisting of rods or rodlike elements.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

bacillary

(băs′ə-lĕr′ē, bə-sĭl′ə-rē) also

bacillar

(bə-sĭl′ər, băs′ə-lər)
adj.
1. Shaped like a rod or rods.
2.
a. Consisting of small rods or rodlike structures.
b. Caused by, relating to, or resembling bacilli: bacillary dysentery.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ba·cil·lar

, bacillary (bas'i-lăr, -lar-ē)
Shaped like a rod; consisting of rods or rodlike elements.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

bacillary

1. Rod-shaped.
2. Relating to, or caused by, a bacillus.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005