beta-glucan

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beta-glucan

, β-glucan (bāt′ă-gloo′kăn)
Any of a class of complex carbohydrate nutrients, derived from yeast, with immune-stimulating and antimicrobial activity in laboratory experiments. They are promoted as dietary supplements.
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The maximum b-glucan production of 16.48 [+ or -] 0.60 g/L was obtained using molasses and malt extract, while the maximum biomass of 16.32 [+ or -] 3.96 g/L was obtained with hydrolyzed cassava starch and N[H.sub.4][H.sub.2]P[O.sub.4].
Parameter Controls Sarcoidosis n 26 71 Age years 57.6 (5.2) 474 (1.4) Females % 63 49 NAHA U/[m.sup.3] 19.0 (5.0) 34.1 (3.9) P < 0.001 B-glucan pg/mL 122.5 (16.1) 474.5 (38.6) P < 0.001 CD4/CD8 ratio 7.5 (0.7) CTO nmol/h/mL 775 (68) sACE [mu]Kat/L 0.49 (0.03) TABLE 2: IL-10 values (pg/mL) in serum of subjects with sarcoidosis and controls.
Diet high in oat b-glucan activates the guthypothalamic (PYY3-36-NPY) axis and increases satiety in diet-induced obesity in mice.
Enhancement of radioprotection and anti-tumor immunity by yeast-derived b-glucan in mice.
It's likely to be aimed firmly at the health food sector, as naked oats are low in b-glucan (good for blood pressure) and are slow to break down, ideal for diabetics.
Finn Cereal processes oats in order to extract oat bran, which is rich in B-glucan, a component that controls cholesterol by stabilizing blood glucose and insulin.
Other actives available from Dragoco include Farnesol, a bacteriostatic deodorant; B-glucan, an oat derivative to help prevent UV-induced skin aging and a wheat bran extract that is said to impart a film on hair to improve wet comb, reduce electrostatic charge and give luster and volume to hair.
Even relatively lucid scientific studies contain lines like "The final analysis was based on a 'pre protocol' basis since the study objective was to test a dose-response relationship of B-glucan on serum lipids." Most members of the media are ill-equipped to judge a technical study.
Cho et al., (2013) reported that inclusion of 0.1% b-glucan and 0.1% Kefir, either individually or combined, would improve growth performance and benefit meat quality in broiler chickens.
The substrate specificity results indicated the activity of Cel1A was significantly higher towards lichenan, a polysaccharide structurally similar with b-glucan, which occur at different levels in variants of cereals (Genc et al., 2001).