Azotaemia | definition of azotaemia by Medical dictionary
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Related to azotaemia: SLE
azotaemia A higher than normal blood urea (BUN) or other nitrogen-containing compounds in the blood. Increased BUN may be:
• Prerenal, due to decreased renal blood flow, with decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and/or excess urea production—seen in dehydration, shock, decreased blood volume and congestive heart failure;
• Renal, with decreased GFR due to acute or chronic renal failure; or
• Postrenal, due to urinary tract obstruction or perforation with extravasation of urine; decreased BUN occurs in pregnancy due to increased GFR, malnutrition, high fluid intake, severe liver.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
azotaemia URAEMIA. The clinical syndrome resulting from failure of the kidneys.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive
Correction of Azotaemia
Duration Control Group Study Group-1 Study Group-2 of stay (Group-I) (Group II) (Group-III) (Days) No.
If a patient develops symptomatic hypotension or pre-renal azotaemia
, then decreasing or temporarily withdrawing the diuretic (24-48 hours) is preferable to discontinuing the ACEI.
Serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen values were towards higher side indicative of azotaemia
. Differential leucocyte count showed slight lymphocytosis and neutropenia.
The correlation between increased RI and azotaemia
seems to confirm the role of vasoconstriction in the pathogenesis of cirrhotic kidney disease.
Despite limited evidence, some authorities advocate initiating renal replacement therapy before the development of clinical azotaemia
in critically ill patients with ARF.
He had mild azotaemia
at the time of presentation with increased triglycerides and multiple gall stones.