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(ak′sŏ-plazm) [ axo- + plasm]
The cytoplasm (neuroplasm) of an axon that encloses the neurofibrils.
axoplasmic (ak″sŏ-plaz′mik), adjective
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References in periodicals archive ?
The simplest idea is to base the 'coherent theory' on existing mathematical models (action potential, the pressure wave in the axoplasmic fluid, and the mechanical wave in the surrounding biomembrane, see above) but introducing the coupling forces like it is done in continuum mechanics [64].
McLeod, "Ophthalmoscopic signs of obstructed axoplasmic transport after ocular vascular occlusions," British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
Drusen of the optic disk and aberrant axoplasmic transport.
These peptides are synthesized in the x-organ (XO) and travel via axoplasmic flow to the synaptic terminals of the sinus gland (SG) where they are secreted into the hemolymph (see Hopkins, 2012, for review).
They represent retinal hyaline corpuscles resulting from impaired axoplasmic transport of retinal ganglion cells of optic nerve in front of the lamina cribrosa [1, 2].
Increased ET-1 not only reduces optic nerve blood flow and interferes with axoplasmic transport but also activates astrocytes [60].
Corneal nerves depend for their survival on axoplasmic transport of essential substances from their parent nerve cell bodies in the trigeminal ganglion; thus, surgical procedures that interrupt corneal nerve fibers cause rapid degeneration of the distal axons, decreased corneal sensitivity, and compromised functional integrity of the ocular surface [1, 2].
(17) It has been proposed that neural mobilizations help to "...restore the dynamic balance between the relative movement of neural tissues and surrounding mechanical interfaces, thereby allowing reduced intrinsic pressures on the neural tissue and thus promoting optimum physiologic function..." which helps to facilitate "...nerve gliding, reduction of nerve adherence, dispersion of noxious fluids, increased neural vascularity, and improvement of axoplasmic flow".
Thus, the impairment of the nervous system mechanics, including movement, elasticity, conduction and axoplasmic flow, can generate dysfunctions in the nervous system or in the musculoskeletal structures that receive its innervations (ZAMBERLAN; KERPPERS, 2007).
Serum and CSF samples showed non protective titre (0.2 - 0.5 EU/ml) that may be due to early stage or acute infection as intracellular axoplasmic transport prevents virus contact with cells of the immune system, although the virus is highly immunogenic (Quinn et al., 2002).
Axoplasmic transport provides the mechanism to bidirectionally translocate not only organelles and viruses but also injected NPs, which are widely used neuroanatomists to trace nerve fiber connectivity (Weiss and Gorio 1982).