axolemma


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axolemma

 [ak″so-lem´ah]
the surface membrane of an axon.

ax·o·lem·ma

(ak'sō-lem'ă),
The plasma membrane of the axon.
Synonym(s): Mauthner sheath
[axo- + G. lemma, husk]

ax·o·lem·ma

(ak'sō-lem'ă)
The plasma membrane of the axon.
Synonym(s): Mauthner sheath.
[axo- + G. lemma, husk]

Mauthner,

Ludwig, Austrian ophthalmologist, 1840-1894.
Mauthner cell - a large neuron of the spinal cord with its cell body located in the metencephalon of fish and amphibia.
Mauthner fiber - an axon.
Mauthner sheath - the plasma membrane of the axon. Synonym(s): axolemma
Mauthner test - an obsolete test for color perception.
References in periodicals archive ?
IgG was deposited at the nodal or internodal axolemma in the spinal anterior roots.
In peripheral and central nervous systems, some paranodal loops failed to attach to the axolemma in the GM1/GD1a-deficient mice.
We postulated that in both cases, immune-mediated attack occurs at the axolemma of motor fibers, which was later confirmed in our animal experiments described below.
We were unable to accomplish this by external application of the antibody, even with Triton-X-100, because of barriers outside the axolemma - particularly the basement membrane and the glial cell layer (5).
Glia, for example, can transfer hsp across the axolemma (4); spermatozoa are provided with hsp70 from the seminal fluid that remains associated with the outer membrane (5); and exogenous application of hsp70 can have such profound effects as protecting the retina from light damage (6) and influencing neuronal survival after axotomy (7).