Comparison of anaesthetics mixtures with tramadol or fentanyl for axillary plexus
block in orthopedic upper extremity surgery.
In our study, suficient sensory block was accomplished by axillary plexus
block using articaine in all the patients.
Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of axillary plexus
blockade applied using ultrasound only and using ultrasound together with nerve stimulator in patients undergoing planned forearm, wrist or hand surgery.
Many authors reported different types of sympatholysis such as axillary plexus
blocks, stellate ganglion blocks, and even a caudal block was preferred to avoid the complications of femoral arterial injection (7, 9).
A clinical and pharmacokinetic comparison of ropivacaine and bupivacaine in axillary plexus
Likewise, Geze et al compared tramadol and fentanyl as adjuvants to local anesthetic mixtures in axillary plexus
block and found tramadol to be superior in providing better quality of block and postoperative analgesia for orthopaedic upper extremity surgery.11 Shrestha et al compared dexamethasone and tramadol as admixtures to bupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block and observed an increase in postoperative analgesia when tramadol was added to bupivacaine.
Forster, "Evaluation of the effect of perineuronal morphine on the quality of postoperative analgesia after axillary plexus
block: a randomized double-blind study," Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol.
Study done by Van Elstraete et al added Neostigmine to lidocaine in axillary plexus
block for postoperative analgesia.
Efficacy of low dose levobupivacaine (0.1%) for axillary plexus
block using multiple nerve stimulation.
Who investigated the effect of perineural or systemic magnesium on the duration of axillary plexus