axial skeleton


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to axial skeleton: appendicular skeleton

skeleton

 [skel´ĕ-ton]
the hardened tissues forming the supporting framework of an animal body; see skeletal system.
axial skeleton (skeleton axia´le) the bones of the cranium, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum.

ax·i·al skel·e·ton

[TA]
articulated bones of head, vertebral column, and thorax, that is, head and trunk, as opposed to the appendicular skeleton, the articulated bones of the upper and lower limbs.
Synonym(s): skeleton axiale [TA]

axial skeleton

n.
The bones constituting the head and trunk of a vertebrate body.

axial skeleton

Etymology: L, axis, axle; Gk, skeletos, dried up
the bones forming the axis of the skeleton, including the skull, vertebrae, ribs, and sternum. Compare appendicular skeleton.

ax·i·al skel·e·ton

(ak'sē-ăl skel'ĕ-tŏn) [TA]
Articulated bones of head and vertebral column, i.e., head and trunk, as opposed to the appendicular skeleton, the articulated bones of the upper and lower limbs.
[L. axis, + G. skeletos, skeleton]

skeleton

(skĕl′ĕt-ŏn) [Gr., a dried-up body]
Enlarge picture
SKELETON: anterior view of the axial (bone colored) and appendicular (blue colored) skeleton
The bony framework of the body consisting of 206 bones: 80 axial or trunk and 126 of the limbs (appendicular). This number does not include teeth or sesamoid bones other than the patella. See: illustration; table

appendicular skeleton

The bones that make up the shoulder girdle, upper extremities, pelvis, and lower extremities.

axial skeleton

Bones of the head and trunk.

cartilaginous skeleton

The part of the skeleton formed by cartilage; in the adult, the cartilage of the ribs and joints. Cartilage is more flexible and resistant to resorption due to pressure than bone.
Axial (80 bones)Appendicular (126 bones)
HeadTrunkUpper ExtremitiesLower Extremities
(29 bones)(51 bones)(64 bones)(62 bones)
Cranial (8) Frontal—1 Parietal—2 Occipital—1 Temporal—2 Sphenoid—1 Ethmoid—1 Facial (14) Maxilla—2 Mandible—1 Zygoma—2 Lacrimal—2 Nasal—2 Turbinate—2 Vomer—1 Palatine—2 Hyoid (1) Auditory ossicles (6) Malleus—2 Incus—2 Stapes—2Vertebrae (26) Cervical—7 Thoracic—12 Lumbar—5 Sacrum—1 Coccyx—1 Ribs (24) True rib—14 False rib—6 Floating rib—4 Sternum (1)Arms and shoulders (10) Clavicle—2 Scapula—2 Humerus—2 Radius—2 Ulna—2 Wrists (16) Scaphoid—2 Lunate—2 Triquetrum—2 Pisiform—2 Trapezium—2 Trapezoid—2 Capitate—2 Hamate—2 Hands (38) Metacarpal 10 Phalanx (finger bones)—28Legs and hips (10) Innominate or hip bone (fusion of the ilium, ischium, and pubis)—2 Femur—2 Tibia—2 Fibula—2 Patella (kneecap)—2 Ankles (14) Talus—2 Calcaneus (heel bone)—2 Navicular—2 Cuboid—2 Cuneiform, internal—2 Cuneiform, middle—2 Cuneiform, external—2 Feet (38) Metatarsal—10 Phalanx (toe bones)—28

axial skeleton

The skull and spine (vertebral column).

axial skeleton

the part of the SKELETON containing the SKULL and VERTEBRAL COLUMN.

ax·i·al skel·e·ton

(ak'sē-ăl skel'ĕ-tŏn) [TA]
Articulated bones of head, vertebral column, and thorax, i.e., head and trunk, as opposed to the appendicular skeleton, articulated bones of the upper and lower limbs.

axial

1. pertaining to or deriving from an axis.
2. pertaining to or deriving from the axis bone of the vertebral column. See also axis.

axial rotation
in chiropractic terms, the rotation of the vertebral column around the horizontal axis (Z-axis).
axial skeleton
the skeleton of the head and trunk.

skeleton

the stiff, hardened tissues forming the supporting framework of an animal body.

appendicular skeleton
the bones of the limbs.
axial skeleton
the skull, spine, ribs and sternum.
visceral skeleton
1. the skeleton that forms part of an organ such as the os penis or os cordis.
2. the bony framework that protects the viscera, such as the sternum, ribs or pelvis.
skeleton weed
References in periodicals archive ?
The axial skeleton consists of the skull, spine (or vertebral column), ribs and breastbone, pelvis, and tail (Figure 5-3).
New-onset axial skeleton pain occurred at similar rates in the MVC (20%) and control cohorts (21%).
About 350,000 people in the United States have been diagnosed with AS, a chronic, inflammatory rheumatologic disease primarily affecting the sacroiliac joints and axial skeleton.
As a result, the axial skeleton and musculature were relieved of design constraints whose function was to maintain the shape of the body when it rested on the earth.
In continuing the above sequence of events, the carnivore that arrived to eat primarily the axial skeleton could itself become trapped.
This study on sexual dimorphism is based on the principle that the axial skeleton weight of the male is relatively and absolutely heavier than that of the female (William et al.
Skeletal maturation is also reflected in epiphyseal closure of the long bones and of some areas of the axial skeleton, such as the iliac epiphysis.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the axial skeleton that is normally characterised by pathological changes that begin in the ligamentous attachment to the bone.
Reported metastasis to axial skeleton is 80% and 20% to appendicular skeleton.
Later chapters follow the traditional sequence in which massage therapists perform assessments: bony landmarks and fascial structures, superficial muscles on the axial skeleton, superficial muscles on the extremities, and deeper muscles and muscle groups.