# axial

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Related to axial rotation: rotative

## ax·i·al

(ak'sē-ăl),
1. Relating to an axis. Synonym(s): axialis [TA], axile
2. Relating to or situated in the central part of the body, in the head and trunk as distinguished from the limbs, for example, axial skeleton.
3. In dentistry, relating to or parallel with the long axis of a tooth.
4. In radiology, an axial image is one obtained by rotating around the axis of the body, producing a transverse planar image, that is, a section transverse to the axis.

## axial

Imaging
adjective An MRI term referring to a plane, slice or section made by cutting the body or part of it at right angles to the long axis; if the body or part is upright, the cut is parallel to the horizon.

## ax·i·al

(ak'sē-ăl) [TA]
1. Relating to an axis.
Synonym(s): axialis, axile.
2. Relating to or situated in the central part of the body, in the head and trunk as distinguished from the limbs, e.g., axial skeleton.
3. dentistry Relating to or parallel with the long axis of a tooth.
[L. axis, axle, + -al, adj. suffix]

## Axial

A straight line passing through a spherical body between its two poles and about which the body may revolve.

## ax·i·al

(ak'sē-ăl) [TA]
1. In dentistry, relating to or parallel with the long axis of a tooth.
2. In radiology, an axial image is one obtained by rotating around the axis of the body, producing a transverse planar image, i.e., a section transverse to the axis.
3. Relating to an axis.
4. Relating to or situated in the central part of the body, in the head and trunk as distinguished from the limbs, e.g., axial skeleton.
[L. axis, axle, + -al, adj. suffix]
References in periodicals archive ?
The mobility of the model in axial rotation was slightly outside, but the mobility for a single motion segment was still within the range of other published data [27].
Our study provides an example of an accelerometer in a proper orientation that can be developed technically and with the required accuracy of measuring the kinematics of axial rotations at night.
Furthermore, although statistical significance was not found, Lindsay and Horton's (55) study did show that elite golfers tended to have greater axial rotation strength in the direction they normally swing a golf club (i.e.
(1995) Human trunk strength profile in lateral flexion and axial rotation. Spine 20(2), 169-177.
[46] reported lack of functional improvement in some patients supported by significantly lower KSS function scores and axial rotation biased toward femoral internal rotation during nonweight bearing passive knee flexion.
The effect was explained as follows: these are the moments when Earth axial rotation changes its sign relatively its circumsolar rotation: since 6 am till 6 pm ("the day time") these rotations have opposite directions, and 6 pm till 6 am they are co-directed.
Schenkman reported that exercise (three times per week for 10 weeks) significantly improved functional axial rotation and functional reach in patients with the early and mid stages of PD.
The Helen Hayes marker set convention used in this study was reported by Schache and colleagues (67) to have a large degree of soft tissue artifact in calculating hip axial rotation. Therefore, our rotation angles must also be considered subject to greater error than angles in the sagittal and frontal plane.
As the subsequent reduction of pressure does not cause screw to return to a vibration-free axial rotation, it has been postulated that the origin of this behavior is the misalignment of the screw mounting in the gearbox sleeve, once the screw is deeply pushed by the die pressure it stay there independently of the pressure reduction.
A 3D finite element study published in the August 1 edition of Spine shows that the mobile-core design of the Charite artificial disc, which consists of two metallic endplates and a polyethylene sliding core, reduces facet loading by more than 50% when placed at or near the center of the disc space, while a fixed-core artificial disc increases facet loading when compared with an intact disc in axial rotation even when placed in an ideal position.
Dennis and his colleagues found that mobile-bearing knees allow for a wider range of axial rotation without creating excessive polyethylene stresses.
The heads have axial rotation of 45-degree angles, and the activation arm on rotating lever units can be repositioned at 15-degree angle intervals.

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