Coping styles have been classified into different categories, such as maladaptive and adaptive coping (Sirois & Kitner, 2015), approach-based and avoidance-based coping (Roth & Cohen, 1986), and vigilant and avoidant
coping (Burns et al., 2000).
Of the two insecure attachment styles, Avoidant
attachment has been linked to negative factors, such as "rejection, unresponsiveness, and hostility on the part of early caregivers" (Cole & Leets, 1999, p.
Screening soldiers with avoidant
coping strategies or poor resilience for ADHD might be of great benefit and will help them adapt and increase their quality of life.
By contrast, shyness and avoidance were shown to correlate negatively with creativity, meaning that the more shy or avoidant
one is, the less likely they are to be creative.
However, the students who used avoidant
strategies like self-blame, venting, behavioural disengagement and substance use reported higher level of dis-satisfaction.15 Avoidant
coping is another psychological risk factor for unfavourable responses to stressful life events and is observed more in males than females.
Harris, who has worked as a researcher and clinician with children with food refusal behaviors, and Shea, who has worked as a clinician with children with autism and food refusal behaviors, discuss food refusal and avoidant
eating in children, including those with autism.
The problem is that in the long run, avoidant
coping strategies tend to make our problems worse.
No consistent results have been reported in terms of an avoidant
This scale, which is one of the most widely used measures of attachment (Ravitz, Maunder, Hunter, Sthankiya, & Lancee, 2010), provides measures for avoidant
attachment and anxious attachment.
Conversely, adults with high avoidant
attachment have been found to be more likely to engage in casual sex outside of committed relationships compared to individuals with lower avoidance (Simpson & Gangestad, 1991).
"I suffered with depression, avoidant
personality disorder, general anxiety and later anorexia nervosa starting when I was dancing but lasting years after I quit.
Family environments of the eating disorder population have often been described, starting with Bruch (1973), as being characterized by overprotection (a caregiving style mostly associated to ambivalent IWMs of individuals), unresponsiveness (a parental style leading to avoidant
IWMs) and, more recently, by maltreatment and chaotic styles usually responsible for disorganized IWMs.