avoidance

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avoidance

 [ah-void´ans]
a conscious or unconscious defense mechanism consisting of refusal to encounter situations, activities, or objects that would produce conflict.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

a·void·ance

(a-voyd'-ants),
In psychiatry, a term describing a decrease in strength of relationships or fear and withdrawal when conflict emerges. See: attachment. Compare: approach.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

avoidance

Psychiatry The intentional skirting of new interpersonal contacts to the extent of impairing social function
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

a·void·ance

(ă-voydăns)
In psychiatry, a term describing a decrease in strength of relationships or fear and withdrawal when conflict emerges.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

a·void·ance

(ă-voydăns)
In psychiatry, a term describing a decrease in strength of relationships or fear and withdrawal when conflict emerges.
See: attachment
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about avoidance

Q. Which food should be consumed and which should be avoided. Found some months before that my mother has very painful gout. Which food should be consumed and which should be avoided and why?

A. Changing the nutrition profile will be of help and a good medical treatment for gout is also available. High protein food should be avoided. But lamb, pork, bacon, chicken, all fish, peas, beans and lentils can be taken in small amount, as protein is an important requirement for nutritional fulfillment, its intake should be in very small amounts. Alcohol should be reduced greatly, especially wine and beer. A good fluid intake of plain water is advised. Foods that aggravate shall be avoided.

Q. How do I avoid Sport injuries? I started climbing recently and going to the gym 3 times a week.

A. I had the same question, so I dug up a little bit through the web and found this wonderful site with a lot of tips + videos about “how to avoid sport injuries :
http://www.mindef.gov.sg/imindef/mindef_websites/topics/elifestyle/articles/exercise_and_physical/sports_injuries.html
bookmark it!

Q. how to avoid breast cancer? i heard that wearing bras when sleeping causes breast cancer and i've been doing this for the past 2 years and now i'm so scared

A. I'm not sure how to avoid it but I can tell you for sure that going to check yourself every year is extremely important and has helped save so many lives. you can never be too carefull...

More discussions about avoidance
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References in periodicals archive ?
The results of this study during baseline conditions were consistent with those of Hurtado-Parrado (2015), which suggested that Betta splendens do not learn Sidman avoidance without explicit teaching when water disturbance is the aversive stimulus.
An important contribution of this study is that it provides a new methodology for studying Sidman avoidance. It may be useful for studying avoidance in other animals that do not readily learn Sidman avoidance, even with species that typically do learn it.
This could lead to further understanding of the mechanisms of avoidance in humans as well as other animals.
The role of temporal discriminations in the reinforcement of Sidman avoidance behavior.
Explaining avoidance: two factors are still better than one.
Response-shock delay as a reinforcer in avoidance behavior.
Parameters affecting the acquisition of Sidman avoidance. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 7, 315-321.
Effects of food deprivation on free-operant avoidance. Psychological Reports, 29, 1019-1022.
Food deprivation and free-operant avoidance in the pigeon.
Generality of free-operant avoidance conditioning to human behavior.
Effects of different aversive contingencies involving water disturbances on the behavior of Betta splendens: performance in a shuttle tank during signaled and un-signaled free-operant avoidance with and without differential consequences for escape (unpublished doctoral dissertation).