avoidant personality disorder

(redirected from Avoidance behavior)
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avoidant

 [ah-voi´dant]
characterized by avoidance or moving away from something.
avoidant disorder of childhood and adolescence former name for a disorder now included under the diagnosis of social phobia.
avoidant personality disorder a personality disorder marked by extreme shyness and sensitivity to rejection. Because of this sensitivity, the person becomes socially withdrawn and forms relationships only with those willing to give uncritical acceptance. The self-esteem of such a person is naturally low. Fear of embarrassment prevents the patient from undertaking risks or new activities. In spite of the social withdrawal, the avoidant personality has a great desire for affection and companionship.

a·void·ant per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern in adulthood characterized by hypersensitivity to rejection, humiliation, shame, feelings of inadequacy resulting in social inhibition, and an unwillingness to enter into relationships without unusually strong guarantees of uncritical acceptance.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

avoidant personality disorder

n.
A personality disorder characterized by fear of rejection or disapproval in social situations, feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to criticism.

avoidant personality disorder

Psychology A pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, which begins by early adulthood, and is present in various contexts
Avoidant personality disorder-DSM 301.82
Requires 4 + of the following
Avoids occupational activities
involving significant interpersonal contact, due to fear of criticism, disapproval, or rejection
Unwilling to get involved
with people unless certain of being liked
Restraint in intimate relationships
due to fear of ridicule or shame
Preoccupied
with social criticism or rejection
Inhibited in new interpersonal situations
due to feelings of inadequacy
Negative self image
Views self as socially inept, unappealing, or inferior to others
Reluctant to take risks
or engage in activites that have the potential for being embarrassing
Modified from DSM-IV, Am Psych Asso, Washington DC, 1994

avoidant personality disorder

A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive shrinkage from contact with unfamiliar people, of such degree as to interfere with normal social functioning. A pathological degree of shyness.
References in periodicals archive ?
While this paper doesn't get at the costs of avoidance behavior--it focuses on its existence and implications--a follow-on paper with Joshua Graff Zivin attempts to do so by looking at intertemporal avoidance behavior.
Here we show for the first time that an amnesic drug given in conjunction with memory reactivation transformed avoidance behavior to approach behavior in people with a real-life spider fear.
A persistent question in the study of avoidance is how avoidance behavior is maintained, particularly when continued avoidance responding prevents further contact with the aversive stimulus.
According to the authors, obese individuals seek to accommodate information obtained about their body weight and shape by interchange of body-checking and avoidance behaviors.
Therefore, gastropods may have occupied near surface habitat to evade n-Ag, demonstrating contaminant avoidance behavior.
Conclusions: The findings indicate that CLBP decreases physical performance, but increases fear avoidance behavior and depressive symptoms in elderly adults.
For example, the CALM Action Module reviews avoidance behavior and how it contributes to anxiety and depression in the long run.
These attitudes are based on such a powerful association between a feared object--say, a spider--and a negative feeling about the species that a person with a phobia cannot see, or even think about, a spider without experiencing that automatic negative reaction, which leads to avoidance behavior.
The Siegel lab has also previously reported that hypocretin is required for the "pursuit of pleasure" in rodents but plays no role in avoidance behavior.
Landers MR, Durand C, Powell DS, Dibble LE and Young DL (2011) Development of a scale to assess avoidance behavior due to a fear of falling: The Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire.
Negative defensive medicine speaks to avoidance behavior, with the doctor foregoing interventions that he or she perceives as increased malpractice risk, such as performing invasive procedures.
Third-instar Drosophila larvae have a distinct response to thermal nociception--when lightly touched by a heated probe, the larvae perform a "corkscrewlike" roll in the direction of the noxious stimulus (Tracey et al, 2003), whereas in adults there is a characteristic jump response or thermal avoidance behavior (Xu et al, 2006; Neely et al, 2010).