avian encephalomyelitis virus

a·vi·an en·ceph·a·lo·my·e·li·tis vi·rus

a virus of the genus Enterovirus (family Picornaviridae) causing avian infectious encephalomyelitis in young chicks.
References in periodicals archive ?
1,3,10) Some infectious disease agents that can cause severe inflammation within the bird eye are West Nile virus, avian encephalomyelitis virus, Marek's disease virus (gallid herpesvirus 2), Pasteurella multocida, septicemia from salmonellosis or Mycoplasma gallisepticum, toxoplasmosis, and mycotic endophthalmitis from disseminated aspergillosis or candidiasis.
Avian encephalomyelitis virus induces apoptosis via major structural protein VP3.
Avian encephalomyelitis virus nonstructural protein 2C induces apoptosis by activating cytochrome c/caspase-9 pathway.
Results of commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays on serum samples showed that birds had antibodies against infectious bursal disease virus (100%), Newcastle disease virus (97%), avian encephalomyelitis virus (92%), chicken anemia virus (90%), infectious bronchitis virus (85%), Mycoplasma gallisepticum (73%), and Mycoplasma synoviae (68%).
To determine disease seroprevalence, commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs; Idexx Inc, West Brook, ME, USA) were performed for infectious bursal disease (IBD, gumboro disease), avian encephalomyelitis virus (AE, Picornaviridae), chicken anemia virus (CAV, Circoviridae), Newcastle disease virus (NDV, Paramyxoviridae), avian influenza (Orthomyxoviridae, type A), avian infectious bronchitis (IBV, coronavirus), Mycoplasma gallisepticum, and Mycoplasma synoviae (University of Georgia Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, Athens, GA, USA).