He considered albeit many of the procedures used in behavioral research followed the typical arrangement of having a warning stimulus and a complete delay of the aversive stimulus
contingent on the designated response, alternative and less popular experiments have also shown the acquisition and maintenance of negative reinforced behavior.
This was either because the physical form may have exerted an additive priming effect on aversiveness (the shock is aversive and the tone is neutral both during the conditioning and the priming phase), or because it could have exerted a subtractive effect (the aversive stimulus
in the priming phase is the tone and the neutral one is the shock while, during the conditioning phase, the aversive stimulus
was the shock and the neutral stimulus was the tone).
If blocking actually produced an aversive stimulus
condition, then punishment effects would have occurred in both experimental conditions (since it was inherent in both experimental conditions).
Second, beginning with this preexisting relationship (6), some event occurs that adds aversive stimulus
qualities to the value of the target person such that that aversive stimulus
value saliently competes with the pre-existing appetitive stimulus value.
In other words, these individuals have a persistent AO for pain as an aversive stimulus
, and this condition may last across an individual's lifespan.
A shock is a highly aversive stimulus
, and one that is capable of shutting down a dog's behavior quite rapidly.
The motivating operation in a story can be termed a literary motivating operation or story motivating operation to (a) differentiate it from motivating operations that are not a part of stories; (b) distinguish the special property of the aversive stimulus
as being a source of interest to the reader; and (c) specify that the aversive stimulus
is temporary and will be removed or resolved by the outcome of the story.
Social negative reinforcement occurs when an aversive stimulus
or situation is terminated by another individual contingent on a behavior and the behavior is strengthened.
This is in contrast to most definitions which have defined control as the ability to regulate exposure to an aversive stimulus
For example, a previously neutral snake becomes a conditioned aversive stimulus
after one is bitten and hurt by that snake.
i) An aversive stimulus
may elicit responses which are incompatible with the punished response (e.
In CAT, however, you present the subject dog with an aversive stimulus
that he is often exposed to anyway.