autosome


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Related to autosome: hemophilia, autosomal inheritance

autosome

 [aw´to-sōm]
any of the 22 pairs of chromosomes in humans other than the pair concerned with determination of sex.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm),
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
Synonym(s): euchromosome
[auto- + G. sōma, body]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

autosome

(ô′tə-sōm′)
n.
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

au′to·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
au′to·so′mal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

autosome

A non-sex (non-X, non-Y) chromosome which in normal humans is one of 22 pairs of chromosomes.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

autosome

Cytogenetics Any chromosome in an organism's complement–22 pairs in humans–other than sex chromosomes, X and Y See Chromosome, Diploid, Genome. Cf Sex chromosome.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm)
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
[auto- + G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

autosome

Any one of the ordinary paired CHROMOSOMES other than the sex chromosomes.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

autosome

a type of chromosome found in all cells not concerned with SEX DETERMINATION. Chromosomes are of two types: autosomes and SEX CHROMOSOMES. Autosomes carry the major part of genetic information in cells, including information on sexual characteristics. See SEX LINKAGE for a comparison of the inheritance of autosomal and sex-linked genes.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Autosome

A chromosome not involved in sex determination.
Mentioned in: Peroxisomal Disorders
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The other biarmed and acrocentric autosomes are arranged according to their size, respectively.
Note that Y chromosomes and mtDNA will show smaller Ne than autosomes because they are haploid (one copy per individual).
Analyzing the paralogous genes of cognitive impairment, some autosomal genes showed their paralogs on other autosomes and was involved in MR, e.g.
The autosomes, as well as the X chromosome, segregate reductionally in anaphase I and divided equationally during the second division.
At that time, when mammals were evolving from their common ancestors with reptiles and birds, what are now the X and Y chromosomes were a pair of autosomes similar to today's X chromosome.
In males, only autosomes were recognized, whereas sex chromosomes had a diffused structure (Fig.
It is likely that the genes that are activated by SRY reside on the Y chromosome as well as on autosomes. The actual gene products controlling testicular development are various peptide growth factors, some of which have been fully characterized.
The first pair of autosomes is acrocentric and distinctly larger, but the rest of the autosomes form a graded series from medium to small-sized acrocentric elements.
The inheritance pattern is autosomal dominant, meaning the gene flaw is on an autosome (not the X or Y chromosome) and a person needs to inherit a flawed gene from only one parent to cause the disease.
gene heredity mutation mitosis embryo allele helix clone sequence polymer autosome phenotype recessive metaphase locus polymerase telophase oligonucleotide geneticist interphase prophase phage bacteriophage chromomere transduction transformation nucleus Mendelian genome meiosis chromosome recombinant pedigree plasmid vector replicon nucleosome chromatography zygote centromere anaphase genotype endonuclease backcross exonuclease polyploidy diakinesis cytogenetics crossover segregate codominance dominance translocation nucleolus
(13) (2015) reported a balanced sex autosome translocation t(X;1)(q21;p32) in a female patient who presented with primary amenorrhea without dysmorphic features or developmental delay.