autosome


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to autosome: hemophilia, autosomal inheritance

autosome

 [aw´to-sōm]
any of the 22 pairs of chromosomes in humans other than the pair concerned with determination of sex.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm),
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
Synonym(s): euchromosome
[auto- + G. sōma, body]

autosome

(ô′tə-sōm′)
n.
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

au′to·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
au′to·so′mal·ly adv.

autosome

A non-sex (non-X, non-Y) chromosome which in normal humans is one of 22 pairs of chromosomes.

autosome

Cytogenetics Any chromosome in an organism's complement–22 pairs in humans–other than sex chromosomes, X and Y See Chromosome, Diploid, Genome. Cf Sex chromosome.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm)
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
[auto- + G. sōma, body]

autosome

Any one of the ordinary paired CHROMOSOMES other than the sex chromosomes.

autosome

a type of chromosome found in all cells not concerned with SEX DETERMINATION. Chromosomes are of two types: autosomes and SEX CHROMOSOMES. Autosomes carry the major part of genetic information in cells, including information on sexual characteristics. See SEX LINKAGE for a comparison of the inheritance of autosomal and sex-linked genes.

Autosome

A chromosome not involved in sex determination.
Mentioned in: Peroxisomal Disorders
References in periodicals archive ?
The other biarmed and acrocentric autosomes are arranged according to their size, respectively.
Note that Y chromosomes and mtDNA will show smaller Ne than autosomes because they are haploid (one copy per individual).
Analyzing the paralogous genes of cognitive impairment, some autosomal genes showed their paralogs on other autosomes and was involved in MR, e.g.
The autosomes, as well as the X chromosome, segregate reductionally in anaphase I and divided equationally during the second division.
At that time, when mammals were evolving from their common ancestors with reptiles and birds, what are now the X and Y chromosomes were a pair of autosomes similar to today's X chromosome.
In males, only autosomes were recognized, whereas sex chromosomes had a diffused structure (Fig.
It is likely that the genes that are activated by SRY reside on the Y chromosome as well as on autosomes. The actual gene products controlling testicular development are various peptide growth factors, some of which have been fully characterized.
The first pair of autosomes is acrocentric and distinctly larger, but the rest of the autosomes form a graded series from medium to small-sized acrocentric elements.
The inheritance pattern is autosomal dominant, meaning the gene flaw is on an autosome (not the X or Y chromosome) and a person needs to inherit a flawed gene from only one parent to cause the disease.
gene heredity mutation mitosis embryo allele helix clone sequence polymer autosome phenotype recessive metaphase locus polymerase telophase oligonucleotide geneticist interphase prophase phage bacteriophage chromomere transduction transformation nucleus Mendelian genome meiosis chromosome recombinant pedigree plasmid vector replicon nucleosome chromatography zygote centromere anaphase genotype endonuclease backcross exonuclease polyploidy diakinesis cytogenetics crossover segregate codominance dominance translocation nucleolus
(13) (2015) reported a balanced sex autosome translocation t(X;1)(q21;p32) in a female patient who presented with primary amenorrhea without dysmorphic features or developmental delay.