autosome


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Related to autosome: hemophilia, autosomal inheritance

autosome

 [aw´to-sōm]
any of the 22 pairs of chromosomes in humans other than the pair concerned with determination of sex.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm),
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
Synonym(s): euchromosome
[auto- + G. sōma, body]

autosome

/au·to·some/ (-sōm) any non–sex-determining chromosome; in humans there are 22 pairs of autosomes.autoso´mal

autosome

(ô′tə-sōm′)
n.
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

au′to·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
au′to·so′mal·ly adv.

autosome

[ô′təsōm]
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome and that appears as a homologous pair in a somatic cell. Humans have 22 pairs of autosomes, which transmit all genetic traits and conditions other than those that are sex-linked. Also called euchromosome [yoo′krōməsōm] . Compare sex chromosome. autosomal, adj.

autosome

A non-sex (non-X, non-Y) chromosome which in normal humans is one of 22 pairs of chromosomes.

autosome

Cytogenetics Any chromosome in an organism's complement–22 pairs in humans–other than sex chromosomes, X and Y See Chromosome, Diploid, Genome. Cf Sex chromosome.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm)
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
[auto- + G. sōma, body]

autosome

Any one of the ordinary paired CHROMOSOMES other than the sex chromosomes.

autosome

a type of chromosome found in all cells not concerned with SEX DETERMINATION. Chromosomes are of two types: autosomes and SEX CHROMOSOMES. Autosomes carry the major part of genetic information in cells, including information on sexual characteristics. See SEX LINKAGE for a comparison of the inheritance of autosomal and sex-linked genes.

Autosome

A chromosome not involved in sex determination.
Mentioned in: Peroxisomal Disorders

autosome

any chromosome other than the sex chromosomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
The seven largest pairs of autosomes were biarmed with centromere position varying from metacentric to subtelocentric; the rest were acrocentric.
These genes, and their associated "sex-linked traits," such as red and green cone proteins (color-blindness) and Factors VIII and IX (hemophilia), are found on the X chromosome but not on the Y and were presumably on the original pair of autosomes.
Our study is in agreement with the hypothesis supported by a review of balanced X autosome translocations where 23 of 36 phenotypic females had POF (premature ovarian failure) with a break point between Xq13 and Xq26.
The karyotype of this species is identical to that reported here for the European snow vole except the smallest pair of autosomes (number 26) is metacentric in the Caucasian vole, instead of acrocentric as in the European snow vole.
The relative PLP1, X chromosome, and autosome copy numbers measured by use of 45,X; 47,XXY; and 47,XXX[49]/46,XX[1] DNA after normalization to normal female DNA are shown in Fig.
Similarly to the autosomes, the means and SDs for the sex chromosomes were established in the training set.
The number of SNPs per autosome remaining after filtering and selection ranged from 1,300 to 4,280 and was closely related to chromosome length and total number of SNP as shown in Figure 1.
The chip includes 54,602 SNPs that are uniformly distributed on the 31 equine autosomes and X chromosome (average density of 1 SNP per approximately 43 kb) from the EquCab2 SNP database of the horse genome.
These fetal-specific reads covered 218 010 and 263 611 CpG sites on the autosomes for first- and third-trimester plasma samples, respectively.
The second feature about Drosophila that has limited the use of dihybrid linkage studies of genes on the autosomes arises out of the fact that recombination in males of Drosophila melanogaster is totally suppressed.
Bole-Gowda (1952) stated that Heteropoda sexpunctata Simon 1885 has a derived karyotype, 2n = 20 + X (male) with 19 metacentric (including the X chromosome) and two acrocentric autosomes, on the basis of Robertsons law.