autologous blood transfusion

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autologous blood transfusion

1. The collection of a patient's own blood before surgery, to be used if the patient needs a transfusion during or after the surgery, to reduce the possibility of needing banked blood, and with it the risk of having a transfusion reaction or contracting a transmissible infection.

Patient care

The usual blood transfusion checks are performed: the patient's armband name and number are verified by comparing them with those on the chart; the number and blood type of the unit of blood are checked against those of the patient; and the number and blood type of the unit of blood should match that information on all the paperwork.

2. The collection and reinfusion into the patient of blood lost during an operation.
See: blood doping
See also: transfusion
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The current status of autologous blood transfusion in Japan - the importance of pre-deposit autologous blood donation program and the needs to achieve patient blood management.
According to the results of our study, autologous blood transfusion is an efficient method that reduces allogeneic blood usage significantly in our circumstances as well.
Autologous blood transfusion has become more popular as it may reduce the need for allogenic transfusion, thereby potentially avoiding risks such as immunological and infective complications.
In addition a modified thrombin clotting time test has been used as a cheap and reliable marker for heparin contamination in obstetric intraoperative cell salvage.7 A recent study revealed that the Sonoclot analyzer is a reliable and sensitive device for assessment of the heparinization levels within 20 min.8 Theses methods can be also used for monitoring the residual heparinization levels after the autologous blood transfusion.
"And, as Bob Lewis has shown, just because you need a new hip or require revision surgery, it doesn't have to stand in the way of you leading a full and active life." For two of his operations, Mr Lewis donated and then received his own blood in what is known as an autologous blood transfusion. He is now also campaigning for patients to be given the option to do the same after the automatic right to the procedure was withdrawn under European law.
The impetus for autologous blood transfusion began in the 1980s, secondary to concerns over disease transmission with allogeneic blood transfusion in the face of HIV.
* Explore the autologous blood transfusion techniques that are offered by your department in relation to this key document
Having been unsuccessful with a procedure known as dry-needling, the 28-year-old striker was having an autologous blood transfusion.
Because of the extensive blood loss the patient is likely to experience, consider autologous blood transfusion. Make sure the blood bank is prepared, make sure the anesthesiologist is prepared for substantial hemorrhage, and make sure the proper help is on hand.
The concept of autologous blood transfusion is a good one.

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