autologous blood donation

autologous blood donation

Transfusion of a person's own blood. Blood may be taken some time prior to surgery, stored and then used, if necessary during or after surgery. Alternatively, one or two units of blood may be taken immediately before surgery and replaced by a non-blood infusion. This dilutes the patient's blood so that fewer red cells are lost in bleeding. The blood is then re-transfused at the end of surgery when no further blood loss is anticipated. The method became popular among patients when concern about HIV contamination of donated blood was at its height, but interest declined when HIV antibody testing was incorporated into donor screening and stringent criteria were required for donors. Studies have shown that autologous blood transfusion is uneconomical as a routine procedure.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the NBTS, Princess Marina Hospital has set up its own Autologous Blood donation unit.
Preoperative autologous blood donation followed by autotransfusion is an expensive procedure with logistic problems in many Hospitals.
Preoperative autologous blood donation, erythropoietin, cell salvage, hypotensive anesthesia, normovolemic hemodilution, and antifibrinolytics have all been tried with varying degrees of success.
There are several ways of collecting autologous blood, such as: preoperative autologous blood donation (PAD), intraoperative blood salvation (IBS), postoperative blood salvation (PBS) and acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) [2].
Some orthopedic surgical procedures, such as total joint arthroplasty and spinal fusion are associated with significant blood loss; and the need for allogeneic blood transfusions, despite preoperative autologous blood donation and re-transfusion.
Autologous blood donation, in which you donate your own blood for use during a surgical procedure, was quite popular in the early 1980s when the risk of HIV infection was very real.
Alternatives to allogeneic transfusion include preoperative autologous blood donation and priming with erythropoietin.
Regis D, Corallo F, Franchini M et al 2008 Preoperative autologous blood donation in primary total knee arthroplasty: critical review of current indications La Chirurgia degli organi di movimento 91 41-44
Acute normovolemic hemodilution can replace preoperative autologous blood donation as a Standard of care for autologous blood procurement in radical prostatectomy.
An alternative to allogeneic transfusion frequently used by physicians at the authors' institution is autologous blood donation, which is done 2-3 weeks prior to surgery.
The patient underwent an autologous blood donation for a transfusion, if necessary.
This is called an autologous blood donation, and it was quite popular in the early 1980s when the risk of HIV infection was very real.

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