hypophysitis

(redirected from autoimmune hypophysitis)

hy·poph·y·si·tis

(hī-pof'i-sī'tis),
Inflammation of the hypophysis.

hy·poph·y·si·tis

(hī-pof'i-sī'tis)
Inflammation of the hypophysis.

hypophysitis

(hi-pof?i-sit'is) [ hypophysis, + -itis]
Inflammation of the pituitary gland.

autoimmune hypophysitis

Lymphocytic hypophysitis.

lymphocytic hypophysitis

A relatively rare autoimmune disease in which the pituitary gland is infiltrated and damaged by lymphocytes, esp. during pregnancy or the postpartum period. Imaging studies of the pituitary gland show massive enlargement.. Imaging studies of the pituitary gland show massive enlargement. Hormone deficiencies, or in some cases, hyperprolactinemia, can occur.
Synonym: autoimmune hypophysitis
References in periodicals archive ?
The commonest pituitary lesion was Prolactinoma in 26 (26.8%) patients, followed by Sheehan's syndrome in 13 (13.4%) patients, Acromegaly in 12 (12.4%), non-secretory pituitary adenoma in 12 (12.3%), Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in 10 (10.3%) and Craniopharyngioma in 7 (7.2%) patients, while miscellaneous disorders including Pan hypopituitarism, Cushing's disease, Empty sella syndrome, Ectopic Cushing's, Diabetes Insipidus, Autoimmune hypophysitis, TSHoma and Suprasellar mass etc.
A radiologic score to distinguish autoimmune hypophysitis from non-secreting pituitary adenoma preoperatively.
Similar results were shown in a recent study of autoimmune hypophysitis [37].
Bizzarro et al., "Revisitation of autoimmune hypophysitis: knowledge and uncertainties on pathophysiological and clinical aspects," Pituitary, vol.
Vitiligo, alopecia areata, psoriasis [9], primary biliary cirrhosis [13], systemic sclerosis [14], and autoimmune hypophysitis [15] have rarely been reported in girls with TS as well.
They discuss hypothalamic function and pathophysiology, including vasopressin, oxytocin, and corticotropin-releasing hormone and neuroendocrine regulation, stress and water metabolism, and their role as mediators of emotional and social behaviors; new developments in disorders of the pituitary gland, including active and inactive adenomas, Rathke's cleft cysts, craniopharyngioma, and unusual forms of hypopituitarism; and controversial issues like Nelson syndrome, familial pituitary tumors, and autoimmune hypophysitis, as well as central adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism, growth hormone deficiency, the irreversible consequences of pituitary tumors and their treatment on quality of life and neuropsychologic function, and neuroendocrine mechanisms in adaptation to exercise.
A case of Mikulicz's disease (IgG4-related plasmacytic disease) complicated by autoimmune hypophysitis. Scand J Rheumatol 2006;35:410-1.
The complications of MD include autoimmune pancreatitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, tubulointerstitial nephritis, autoimmune hypophysitis, and Riedel's thyroiditis, all of which show elevated serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) levels and prominent infiltration of IgG4-positive plasmacytes.
Whether the above-mentioned patient had autoimmune hypophysitis could not have been ascertained at that time since the first patient of autoimmune hypophysitis was diagnosed ante mortem in 1980 (11).
They studied 24 women aged 23-59 who had adrenal insufficiency due to autoimmune adrenalitis, adrenalectomy, pituitary surgery Sheehan's syndrome, or autoimmune hypophysitis. All had low serum DHEA, DHEA sulfate, and androgen levels, and 13 were taking estrogen-progestin hormone replacement therapy.

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