The purpose of this study was threefold: 1) to identify which semester of an upper-division baccalaureate nursing program is associated with the highest test anxiety; 2) using participants from that semester, to determine if an intervention including diaphragmatic breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and autogenic training
assists students control their physiological responses; and 3) to determine if relaxation training decreases test anxiety.
Noting its rare use in the treatment of chronic conditions, Sadigh (psychology, Cedar Crest College) outlines the use of autogenic training
for chronic pain and stress-related disorders.
For the purposes of this study, acute stress management techniques were defined as coping strategies used in an acute setting to alleviate stress such as: progressive muscle relaxation, stretching exercises, breathing exercises, autogenic training
, imagery, visualization, meditation, mindfulness, self-distraction, denial, substance use, use of emotional support, use of instrumental support, disengagement, venting, planning, humor, acceptance, religion, self-blame, problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, effective time management, positive reappraisal, and engagement in leisure activities.
The purpose of autogenic training
is to promote adequate and healthy responses of body and mind and to eliminate inadequate and unhealthy reactions.
reduces anxiety after coronary angioplasty: a randomized clinical trial.
evolved out of the research of brain physiologist Dr Oskar Vogt who in the 1880s found that some patients were able to put themselves in a self-hypnotic state which seemed to have positive effects on their recuperation.
Another recent study had shown that autogenic training
, a form of self-hypnosis, could reduce anxiety after heart surgery.
Also fascinating were sessions on nontraditional methods of healing as practiced in the Middle East, Far East and Brazil, and descriptions of psychotherapy and autogenic training
Improving competitive performance with hypnotic suggestions and modified autogenic training
: Case reports.
* Relaxation training: utilizes biofeedback, progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training
and guided imagery to achieve a state of relaxation incompatible with insomnia.
Relaxation is also learned in yoga, meditation and, very effectively, in autogenic training
Also, more than 50% of the sample reported "never" using autohypnosis, autogenic training
, blank meditation, bracing, color, cue words, mantra meditation, and Transcendental Meditation (C).