autistic disorder


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Related to autistic disorder: Asperger's syndrome, Autistic spectrum disorder

autistic

 [aw-tis´tik]
pertaining to or exhibiting autism.
autistic disorder a pervasive developmental disorder beginning before age three; called also autism and infantile autism. Characteristics include impairment in reciprocal social interaction (for example, lack of awareness of the existence of feelings in others), in verbal and nonverbal communication, and in capacity for symbolic play, as well as by a restricted repertoire of activities and interests. There may also be cognitive impairment, abnormally increased or decreased reactivity to certain stimuli, stereotypic behaviors, neurological abnormalities such as seizures or altered muscle tone, sleeping or eating pattern abnormalities, and severe behavioral problems. There are no delusions, hallucinations, or incoherence, and the facial expression is intelligent and responsive. Often, children are self absorbed, inaccessible, and unable to relate to others, including parents; they may play happily alone for hours but have temper tantrums if interrupted. Language disturbances often include repetition of previously heard speech and reversal of the pronouns “I” and “you.” Individuals with the disorder may show any of a wide spectrum of behaviors.

The cause of the syndrome is unknown. Early intervention programs have improved outcomes for affected children. Research studies have demonstrated that a highly structured, specialized educational program tailored to the child's individual needs can result in significant improvement in functional ability, although autism usually affects a person through life. Programs should incorporate the parents and other caregivers to maximize effectiveness. Appropriate support services often enable the child to remain in the community rather than being institutionalized.

au·tis·tic dis·or·der

1. a severe form of pervasive developmental disorder.
See also: autism, infantile autism.
2. a diagnosis from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual that is established when the specified criteria are met.

autistic disorder

A pervasive developmental disorder, which affects 1:2500 children with a 3–4:1 male:female ratio, onset usually by age three.

Clinical findings
Autistic behaviours (e.g., whirling, flapping, self-mutilation, body rocking, toe walking, profound introversion, self-focus, lack of reality sense, withdrawal and developmental delays) and deficits in social interaction, communication, creative/imaginative play, behaviour and interpersonal relationships.
 
Management
Facilitated communication, drugs (clomipramine, haloperiodol, fluvoxamine maleate (a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor), naltrexone (to control self-mutilation), intensive behavioral therapy.

Prognosis
Poor; < 20% are gainfully employed as adults; < 20% function in sheltered environments; > 2/3 require permanent supervision and support.

autistic disorder

Autism, autistic psychopathy Pediatrics A pervasive developmental disorder, which affects 1:2500 children with a 3-4:1 ♂:♀ ratio, onset usually by age 3; AD is characterized by profound introversion, self focus, lack of reality sense, withdrawal and developmental delays and deficits in social interaction, communication, creative/imaginative play, behavior, interpersonal relationships Clinical Autistic behaviors–eg, whirling, flapping, self-mutilation, body rocking, toe walking Management Facilitated communication, drugs—clomipramine, haloperiodol, fluvoxamine maleate–a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor, naltrexone to control self-mutilation; intensive behavioral therapy Prognosis Poor; < 20% are gainfully employed as adults; < 20% function in sheltered environments; >23 require permanent supervision, support

Patient discussion about autistic disorder

Q. What is childhood autism exactly?

A. i'm sorry to say but probably not..it's a pretty severe diagnosis. but i'm no expert on the subject and not a prophet. about what it means later in life- this should be fronted to a professional.
god bless.

Q. what is the definition of Autism? how would i know if one is autistic and the other one is not , or has only minor disorder ?

A. Autism is a brain development disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all starting before a child is three years old. This set of signs distinguishes autism from milder autism spectrum disorders (ASD) such as pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. Diagnosis should be made if suspected, by a specialits in child psychiatry or child developement.

Q. What is the definition of Autism?

A. Autism is defined by symptoms from each of the following three categories: qualitative impairment in social interaction, impairment in communication, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior or interests.

By definition, the onset of autistic disorder is before the age of 3 years, although in some cases, it is not recognized until a child is much older.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/autism.html

More discussions about autistic disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Clozapine in the treatment of aggression in an adolescent with autistic disorder. J Clin Psychiatry.
Autism or autistic disorder is a severe and lifetime developmental disability that is characterised by major impairment in mutual social interactions, communication skills, and repetitive patterns of interest or behaviours [Bertrand et al., 2001].
They found an inverse association between the mother's use of folic add supplements periconceptually and the risk that the child would develop autistic disorder. Of the children whose mothers took the supplements, 0.10% developed autistic disorder, compared with 0.21% in children whose mothers did not.
Among the 202 ASD children, 53.5% had autistic disorder, 27.2% had Asperger's disorder, and 17.3% had pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD NOS).
Similarly, no increased risk was found for autistic disorder or ASD with regression.
We have read the research titled "Autistic disorder in West syndrome" by Hancerli et al.
Thus, the hypothesized altered neurodevelopment that plays a role in schizophrenia and severe autistic disorder might not be specific to these severe psychiatric disorders but might also be involved in the etiology of more broadly defined autism, that is, ASD.
[11] This study examined if there was an increased risk of autistic disorder in children born within a year of a sibling.
Thus, the prior diagnoses falling trader pervasive developmental disorders of autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD NOS) are now all called autism spectrum disorder.
Based on DSMIV-R, autistic disorder is one of the common diseases during growth that was appeared by constant destruction in social communications, communication deviation and so on.
When the outcome was restricted to "more severe" cases versus no ASD (Figure 2, Sensitivity Analysis 2), the associations we observed more closely supported the findings from the Norwegian study, (7) where the ORs for autistic disorder were 1.71 (95% CI: 1.07-2.64) for intervals of 9-11 months and 2.18 (95% CI: 1.42-3.26) for intervals of less than 9 months.

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