authorship


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Related to authorship: Guest Authorship

authorship

The state of being an author; the writer of a communication.

Authorship in the sciences
The credits for a publication in the sciences are problematic; the advantages of being an author on published reports in the literature are considerable, and include peer respect, conferral of authority status and career advancement, which is often a function of how many publications a person has generated. Sharing authorship credits has the potential disadvantage of being the co-author on a report later deemed fraudulent.

Dr A Relman, emeritus editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, delineated four criteria (see table), at least 2 of which must be met to legitimately share authorship credits. Many articles, proceedings or books have multiple authors; the names of the authors following the first author are known as co-authors; corporations, government agencies and associations may also be listed as authors of a work. In ISI indexes, first (primary) and secondary (co-authors) of a source article are searchable in print and electronically—ISI also indexes all cited authors; the first cited author in each reference is searchable in all products; unique to the Web of Science is the ability to search on secondary authors in the cited reference field.

Authorship “Relman’s criteria”
• Conception of idea and design of experiment;
• Actual execution of experiment—hands-on experience;
• Analysis and interpretation of data;
• Writing the manuscript.

authorship

Science journalism The state of being an author. See Author, Author misconduct, CV-weighing, Darsee affair, Honorary authorship, Mega-author paper, Slutsky affair, Spurious authorship, Unearned authorship.
References in periodicals archive ?
Checking news authorship not only contributes to assessments of news fakeness or quality but also reinforces journalistic accountability.
The new literacies engaged during this kind of digital authorship are the social narratives of shared play, 'steeped in collaboration and companionship' (Lankshear & Knobel, 2017, p.
Clearly, technology makes media authorship more accessible.
The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following criteria:
For journals and editors, Israel agreed with Leung that writing authorship definitions into journal instructions for authors is important.
In addition, we have revised our policies on changes to the authorship list.
As mentor, I defer first authorship to the mentee and accept the position of last (senior) author.
The Constitution authorizes Congress "[t]o promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries." (147) As noted above, courts have largely declined to rely on this language to deny idea-contributors copyright joint authorship, apparently because no court has seriously questioned the constitutionality of the Copyright Act's work-for-hire provisions--provisions which recognize an employer as the "author" of an employee's copyrightable creations even where the employer has creatively contributed nothing to the work, much less an idea.
To carry out this article, a search was conducted in the Medline bibliographic database by using the descriptors "authorship", "students", "academicians", and "ethics" and their different combinations.
Participation consisted of responding to an online survey, which assessed knowledge and perception of inappropriate authorship. The study achieved a 41% response rate; the participants were primarily nurses (75.2%), holding a PhD degree (78.7%), and in an academic position (70.4%).
Collaboration is studied only as it relates to joint authorship. Other types of collaboration outside of authorship are not considered.