plastic surgery of the bladder, usually referring to some type of augmentation cystoplasty.
augmentation cystoplasty enlargement of the bladder by grafting to it a detached segment of intestine (enterocystoplasty) or stomach (gastrocystoplasty). Called also bladder augmentation.
sigmoid cystoplasty augmentation cystoplasty using an isolated segment of the sigmoid colon for the graft.
augmentation cystoplastyReconstructive surgery in which a segment of the bowel is removed and used to replace part of a diseased urinary bladder in patients with low bladder capacity or detrusor compliance, resulting in severe urgency, frequency, incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), pyelonephritis, or progressive renal insufficiency.
Bowel obstruction, blood clots, infection, pneumonia, urinary fistulae, UTI, difficulty urinating and, rarely, tumours.
Inflammatory bowel disease (especially Crohn’s disease), short or irradiated bowel, bladder tumours, severe radiation cystitis, severe renal insufficiency.