auditory processing disorder
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auditory processing disorderA generic term for a condition caused by ear infections and head trauma characterised by difficulty in processing of auditory information in the CNS.
Auditory processing disorders—difficulties in:
• Sound localisation and lateralisation;
• Auditory discrimination;
• Auditory pattern recognition;
• Temporal aspects of audition, including
— Temporal integration,
— Temporal discrimination (e.g., temporal gap detection),
— Temporal ordering and temporal masking;
• Auditory performance in competing acoustic signals (including dichotic listening);
• Auditory performance with degraded acoustic signals.
au·di·to·ry pro·ces·sing dis·or·der(APD) (aw'di-tōr-ē pros'es-sing dis-ōr'dĕr)
Impaired ability to attend to or comprehend auditory information despite normal hearing and intellect; a type of receptive language disorder.