auditory ossicle


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

auditory ossicle

Any of the three bones of the middle ear: malleus, incus, and stapes.
See: incus; malleus; stapesear for illus
See also: ossicle
References in periodicals archive ?
The present study demonstrated the clinical efficacy of the auditory ossicles preserved facial nerve decompression surgery for patients with Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome.
Patients over 60 years of age have poor prognosis in auditory ossicles connection preserved facial nerve decompression surgery for severe peripheral facial nerve palsy of Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome.
[6] examined the blood supply and the blood vessels in the mucosa of the auditory ossicles with another technique: complete temporal bones as well as extracted auditory ossicles were fixed with formalin and then exposed to a solution containing benzidine, alcohol, and hydrogen peroxide, which stained the blood cells and then they analyzed the specimens with binocular glasses.
Anson and Winch [7] examined two human temporal bones, one from a newborn and the other from a 19-yearold man to evaluate the contents of the auditory ossicles. The decalcified bone was cut into transversal sections and photodocumented with a magnification factor of 22.
The results mentioned above, obtained by using cutting sections of decalcified tissue or separated auditory ossicles, are rather imprecise compared with today's technological possibilities.
Additionally, one series of separated right ear auditory ossicles from the anatomic collection of the Department of Otolaryngology, Hannover Medical School, Germany, was used for [micro]CT examination.
The 3D model of the auditory ossicles created from the histological images was designed with the CAD program Rhinoceros 5 (64-bit; McNeel).
In this study an embedded specimen of a left adult human temporal bone was examined by the microgrinding method with removal of circa 35 pm per grinding run in the region of the auditory ossicles. This fine working and the high resolution of the 20996 histological images taken in total during the microgrinding process allow not only a very detailed histological examination of the images, but also an anatomically correct and highly accurate 3D reconstruction of the structures inside the tympanic cavity.
Blood Supply around Auditory Ossicles. The major blood supply of the malleus and incus can be followed constantly through every plane, because the deeper course can also be tracked inside the embedded specimen, due to the uncolored epoxy resin.
These main blood vessels branch out into an extensive network of mucosal nutrient vessels on the surface of the auditory ossicles. For Hamberger et al.
The related anatomic structures were extracted by this software, and the cochlear, FN, ChT; the auditory ossicles were formed as the 3D models.