The Martians had what appears to have been an auditory organ
, a single round drum at the back of the head-body, and eyes with a visual range not very different from ours except that, according to Philips, blue and violet were as black to them.
She had been docile and quiet ever since she had discovered herself virtually a prisoner aboard the "iron mole." It had been, of course, impossible for me to communicate with her since she had no auditory organs
and I no knowledge of her fourth-dimension, sixth-sense method of communication.
Striking most disagreeably on Clifford's auditory organs
and the characteristic sensibility of his nerves, it caused him to start upright out of his chair.
Differential Roles of Pax2, Sox2, and Prox1 during Vestibular and Auditory Organ
Previous studies used both ESCs and iPSCs to study auditory organ
regeneration and differentiation (Li et al., 2003b; Oshima ett al., 2010; Ouji ett al., 2012).
Among the topics are the development of the auditory organ
(Johnston's organ) in Drosophila, planar cell polarity in the cochlea, the development of mammalian primary sound localization circuits, developmental plasticity of the central auditory system: evidence from deaf children fitted with cochlear implants, and the development of vestibular systems in altered gravity.
To investigate the role of these compounds in auditory function, the authors engineered a line of fruit flies that expressed an overactive diaphanous protein in the insects' auditory organ
. Using sound to induce measurable voltage changes, Frances Hannan of New York Medical College determined that the flies' hearing was significantly degraded compared to normal flies.
"The results are the first in vitro renewable stem cell system derived from the human auditory organ
and have the potential for a variety of applications, such as studying the development of human cochlear neurons and hair cells, as models for drug screening and helping to develop cell-based therapies for deafness," said the authors.
Co-first author Benjamin Arthur, a postdoctoral researcher in Hoy's laboratory, placed electrodes in the mosquitoes' auditory organ
in their antennae during playback to measure physiological responses of the mosquitoes to the sounds of potential mates.
Research conducted in the lab of Patricia White, Ph.D., in 2012 identified a family of receptors -- called epidermal growth factor (EGF) -- responsible for activating support cells in the auditory organs
Their hearing and auditory organs
are comparatively simple and they can only hear at very narrow frequencies, which are not thought to be used for navigation.
In our work, we are interested in the effect of altitude on the auditory organs
of animals, a subject that is seldom investigated.