attentional bias


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attentional bias

(ă-ten′shŏn-ăl)
An error in diagnosis or other form of analysis in which a person is unable to see the truth because he or she does not perceive a critical piece of data.
References in periodicals archive ?
It must be pointed out, though, that the lack of attentional bias toward positive information in high-nAff participants could also be due to the scoring system used.
Studying attentional bias in infants and children, particularly those with neurodevelopmental disorders, has been difficult in the past because of the challenging procedures required by typical neuroimaging techniques.
Several dimensions of the IAC have been studied, such as alcohol attentional bias and implicit alcohol associations stored in semantic memory (e.
Unfortunately, that tool was shown to exhibit many limitations, especially in terms of attentional bias measurement.
Given the tendency for depressed individuals to perpetuate negative self-evaluations, and the attentional bias towards schema-consistent information that is associated with depression (e.
Cognitive factors such as attentional bias have not been widely studied in aggressive populations, and results have been inconsistent, with some researchers finding attentional bias toward anger-related words (van Honk et al.
It discusses emotion, attention, and information processing, including basic conceptual and theoretical issues, the selection of emotional stimuli, attentional bias in emotional disorders like depression and anxiety, affective bias in attention, and attention deficits in emotional disorders; cognitive content and process in emotional disorders, including distressing intrusive thoughts, interactionist approaches to stress, self-focused attention, attention manipulations, and whether attentional disorder is the cause or consequence of emotional problems; and a new theoretical model of attention and self-regulation that explains the development and maintenance of clinical problems and accounts for laboratory data on attention bias and performance and its clinical implications.
If two people were in a room with potato chips on the table, the person with attentional bias would be paying attention to, maybe looking at, the chips and the person without the bias would not really notice or pay attention to them," Kerri Boutelle, PhD, professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, said.
education about pain, graduated exercises, applied relaxation training, training in pacing and goal setting, problem solving, and cognitive restructuring) can increase pain self-efficacy and reduce pain severity, catastrophizing, fear of re-injury, depression, stress, and attentional bias towards sensory pain words in chronic pain conditions (Dehghani, Sharpe, & Nicholas, 2004).
to perceive anger rapidly, when anger is present, indicating an attentional bias toward threatening affect.
Attentional bias in drug dependence: vigilance for cigarette-related cues in smokers.
Este estudo teorico foi produzido a partir da revisao de bases de dados nacionais e internacionais (SciELO, LILACS e PUBMED) considerando como descritores de interesse as palavras dual-process models, implicit cognition, addiction e attentional bias.