atopic eczema


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a·top·ic der·ma·ti·tis

dermatitis characterized by the distinctive phenomena of atopy, including infantile and flexural eczema.
Synonym(s): atopic eczema

atopic dermatitis

A chronic immune-mediated dermatopathy affecting 1–3% of children, which is characterised by severe pruritus of early (usually in infancy) onset and a familial tendency; it may be associated with IgE-mediated skin reactions, allergic rhinitis and/or asthma.

Aetiology
Idiopathic in children; in adults, hypersensitivity to chemicals (e.g., detergents or soaps), metals (e.g., nickel) or plants (e.g., poison ivy, poison oak).
 
Clinical findings
In infancy, atopic dermatitis tends to be weeping, papulovesicular (which rupture and ooze) and intensely pruritic inflammation of cheeks and inguinal region; in later childhood, it is more lichenified and is more prevalent over antecubital, popliteal and collar regions.
 
Exacerbating factors
Anxiety, stress, depression.
 
Lab
Eosinophilia.
 
Management
• Control pruritus (antihistamines, prevent scratching); 
• Identify/avoid allergens (e.g., milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts, legumes, fish); 
• Anti-inflammatories (especially corticosteroids);
• Keratolytics to manage lichenification; 
• Topical immunosuppressants (e.g., topical tacrolimus/FK-506 ointment).

atopic eczema

A common form of dermatitis caused by allergy to an ALLERGEN operating at a site remote from the affected area. See also ATOPY.

atopic eczema

common, multifactorial, chronically relapsing skin condition; characterized by widespread chronic, pruritic dermatitis with lichenification of flexural and facial skin; induced by idiosyncratic inflammatory reaction to trigger substances (e.g. topical contacts, foodstuffs); associated with atopy, hayfever, asthma or other hypersensitivity disorders; atopic individuals may show hypersensitivity reaction to local anaesthetic drugs

atopic eczema (āˈ·tˑ·pik egˑ·z·m),

n chronic skin disease marked by thickened, scaly, inflamed, and itchy rashes often seen in individuals with familial history of allergic conditions, such as hay fever or asthma. Often treated with emollients, antihistamines, and steroid creams. Also called
atopic dermatitis or
infantile eczema.

Patient discussion about atopic eczema

Q. I have atopic dermatitis and its been out of control : ( i was wondering any suggestions what to do? This past year i have experienced 2 bacterial infections due to my open soars as well as a viral infection in which i was hospitalized. im so fusterated and scared i dont know what to do.. i personally dont think that creams and ointments work all that well. From what i have gathered eczema comes from the inside out? :S i also have allergies i tend to be allergic to everything environmental, animals dust, mold, as well as oral allergy syndrom to alot of foods. which is very difficult. i have been to numerous doctors and specialsist and they dont know what to do. the next step is to put me on an oral medication, sure it prevents it from coming but there are also alot of disadvantages to taking the pill. They also wanted me to go for uvb lights which are knowen to treat psriosis, which personalyy i dont feel it helps me ..realie.. eczema and psriosis are 2 totally diff skin diseases.. someone . PLEASEE HELP .. : )

A. I like the apple cider idea and hope that works for you. But I have a client who has suffered the same as you with her dermatitis and was also hospitalized with mirca staph infection. Her dr. has agreed to refer her to a mayo clinic I will come back and let you know what they do and if it works. God bless you hun and stay strong!!
it might be a while but I will come bk and let u know what they say :)

Q. My son has atopic dermatitis that is treated with topical cream. Is he in a greater risk for other diseases? My 1 year old son has atopic dermatitis. We treat him with topical cream and he is getting better. What kind of a diseases is this? Is he in a greater risk for other diseases because of his skin lesions?

A. Atopic dermatitis is an immunological disease. As a guy that has many allergies I can say that i believe the best treatment is not topical cream. You need to find what causes the allergy and to exclude it from your life. This way you prevent the disease not just treat its symptoms.

More discussions about atopic eczema
References in periodicals archive ?
It should therefore be discouraged for use by atopic eczema patients and those with sensitive skin.
Atopic eczema can be controlled but not cured and new patches of affected skin may appear at any time.
2007) Management of Atopic Eczema in Children from Birth up to the Age of 12 Years.
All of the probiotic clinical studies have been reviewed and it shows it is possible to achieve a 20% reduction in the incidence of eczema and atopic eczema in infants and children receiving probiotics.
The identification of airborne allergens as triggering factors of atopic eczema is important for preventive measures and when considering a specific immunotherapy.
Besides the flexural areas of arms and legs, atopic eczema often presents on the cheeks, but can manifest anywhere on the body.
As allergic diseases such as rhinitis, asthma, atopic eczema and dermatitis have been increasing in prevalence globally, more people are searching for effective antiallergic and anti-inflammatory agents.
20 percent of children in the UK suffer from atopic eczema and whilst this usually clears up in adolescence, 7 percent of adults will continue to suffer throughout their lifetime.
Atopic dermatitis (AD), often referred to as atopic eczema, is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases frequently seen in young children.