atmospheric inner ear barotrauma
atmospheric inner ear barotraumaInjury to the inner ear which may be permanent due to inner ear damage, most common in divers.
Sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus; less often, vertigo, nystagmus and ataxia; divers usually report symptoms during descent, with unilateral difficulty clearing negative pressure.
• Conservative—bed rest, head elevation, monitoring of auditory and vestibular Sx.
• Surgical—tympanotomy and middle ear exploration (reserved for progressive hearing loss or persistent vestibular symptoms).