But three quartz clocks will continue to operate, set to power up the detectors 45 minutes before Huygens reaches the top of Titan's extended atmosphere
. The moon's atmosphere
reaches to a height of 600 kilometers, or 10 times the height of Earth's.
is described as a shared culture or mutual understanding of what is an appropriate or inappropriate behavior based upon the interactions among group members (Power, Higgins, and Kohlberg, 1989).
The team has used the information learned from the Titan flybys to better prepare for flying low in Saturn's atmosphere
our life has, in the astronomical sense of the word, an atmosphere
: it is constantly enshrouded by those mists we call the sensible world or history, the one of the corporeal life and the one of the human life, the present and the past, as a pell-mell ensemble of bodies and minds, promiscuity of visages, words, actions, with, between them all, that cohesion which cannot be denied them since they are all differences, extreme divergencies of one same something (Merleau-Ponty, 1968: 84).
Before TIMED was launched in 2001, "the only measurements of carbon dioxide in the upper atmosphere
were direct measurements from sounding rocket research flights and short-lived spaceborne sensors," explains Jia Yue of Hampton University, the lead author of a recent article in Geophysical Research Letters that detailed the new findings.
They're therefore able to drill deep into the Martian atmosphere
, sailing unencumbered until the atmosphere
grows denser and there's more stuff to run into.
Heavy isotopes of carbon and oxygen are both enriched in today's thin Martian atmosphere
compared with the proportions in the raw material that formed Mars, as deduced from proportions in the Sun and other parts of the solar system.
Since 1970, the average density of the atmosphere
at an altitude of 400 kilometers has decreased about 1.7 percent per decade.
These disease causing elements can be transmitted by external environmental moistures and internal body fluids, since it is the open atmosphere
moisture and body fluids that transport the infecting agent.
is composed almost totally of nitrogen and oxygen.
Sunlight comes in through the windows (as it does through Earth's atmosphere
A rocket will boost Neptune 297 km (185 mi) into Earth's atmosphere
, or the protective layer of gases surrounding a planetary body (see Nuts & Bolts, p.