atlas

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atlas

 [at´las]
the first cervical vertebra, the uppermost segment of the vertebral column, which supports the skull.
 Atlas. (A), (top) superior aspect; (bottom) transverse aspect. Note the absence of the body and spinous process. (B), position. From Dorland's, 2000.

at·las

(at'las), [TA]
First cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.
[G. Atlas, in Greek mythology, a Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders]

atlas

(ăt′ləs)
n. pl. at·lases
Anatomy The top or first cervical vertebra of the neck, which supports the skull.

ATLAS

Cardiology
(1) Assessment of Treatment with Lisinopril and Survival. A trial comparing the effects of high to low doses of Zestril®/lisinopril on morbidity and mortality (M&M) in patients with CHF.
 
Logistics
Randomised, double-blind, parallel-group; 3164 patients.
 
Conclusion
Combined risk of mortality and hospitalisation was 12% lower in the high-dose group.
 
(2) Acolysis during Treatment of Lesions Affecting Saphenous Vein Bypass Grafts. A trial evaluating the use of percutaneous CUT for managing thrombosed coronary SVGs.
 
Primary endpoint
Composite (minimum) lumen diameter <30%, TIMI-3 flow, 30-day freedom from MACE; was achieved in 54% of CUT patients vs 73% of abciximab patients.
 
Logistics
Randomised, controlled, multicentre; 191 patients (92 CUT, 89 abciximab followed by PCI).
 
Conclusion
CUT should not be used during PCI of thrombosed SVGs.

Oncology
Adjuvant Tamoxifen Longer Against Shorter. A trial that asked the optimal duration of adjuvant tamoxifen (a SERM) therapy in women with early breast CA.
 
Logistics
Randomised, international; 13752 enrolled.
 
Sports medicine
Athletes’ Training and Learning to Avoid Anabolic Steroids. A multi-component school-based program for male high school athletes (age 13 to 19), which capitalises on team-centred dynamics and uses positive peer pressure and role modelling to reduce the use of anabolic steroids, alcohol and other drugs.
 
Intervention
A highly scripted 10-session curriculum.
 
Results
New substance use and anabolic steroid use decreased by 50%; drinking and driving decreased by 25%; decreased use of drugs, alcohol and performance-enhancing agents; increased exercise and nutrition.

ATLAS

Cardiology A five-yr, randomized, double-blind trial–Assessment of Treatment with Lisinopril & Survival–which evaluated the effect of high vs low doses of Zestril®/lisinopril on M&M in Pts with CHF; high doses appear to be effective. See Lisinopril Sports medicine A 5-yr controlled trial–Athletes' Training and Learning to Avoid Anabolic Steroids begun in 1993 and funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse. See Anabolic steroids.

at·las

(at'lăs) [TA]
First cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.
Synonym(s): vertebra C1.
[G. Atlas, in Greek mythology, a Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders]

atlas

See ATLAS BONE.

atlas

the first vertebra of TETRAPODS, linking skull and axis.

at·las

(at'lăs) [TA]
First cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.
[G. Atlas, in Greek mythology, a Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders]
References in periodicals archive ?
Hespero era el hijo o el hermano de Atlante. Padre de Hesperida, la cual se caso con Atlante, dando como fruto tres o siete hijas, segun la tradicion, conocidas como las Hesperides o ninfas del ocaso.
(2) Koeman, Cornelis, 1967-85, Atlantes Neerlandici.
De la misma forma Critias hace aclaraciones filologicas, dice que utiliza nombres griegos para los atlantes, ya que los egipcios los habian traducido a su lengua y luego Solon, al escribir la historia tambien los transcribio al griego.
Del mismo modo, el sol a causa de sus beneficios fue divinizado por casi todos los pueblos, excluidos los etiopes o los atlantes, que son danados a causa del calor torrido, segun Diodoro de Sicilia y Plinio.
Los muros de oro y las puertas de bronce tambien aparecen atestiguados en el platonico palacio real y el templo de Poseidon de la ciudad de los Atlantes y el de Hestia, Zeus y Atenea en la de los Magnetes, tal y como los describe el filosofo en Crit.
La India, Egipto y Arabia, por supuesto; las Amazonas, no solo en su ubicacion--tradicional desde Homero--en algun lugar del Asia, sino tambien en su sede africana, donde enfrentan a los Atlantes (Atlantioi, <<atlantios>>, dice Diodoro) (11).
This was reinforced by consulting Cornelius Koeman's great work Atlantes Neerlandici, a six-volume bibliography of Dutch atlases which suggested that the item was the penultimate edition of Barent Langenes Caert Thresoor.
The most unusual-looking ones are ATLANTES, male figures supporting columns, and BLASTEMA, a mass of embryonic cells ["Some More Quality 8-Squares," Richard Sabey, WW, Aug 1995].
Tres atlantes, separados uns dos outros por duas colunas sobre base, sustentam um entablamento no qual aparecem tres nichos, ornados com esculturas, e limitados por colunas jonicas.
The characters of The Cycle, The Janitor, Rupert, the Atlantes, ViceVersa and um, might readily take a break in Stevenage with the Jarvis gang, even if their discourse is more pre-Socratic than negative-dialectical.
El interior del forum esta disenado como un foro Romano antiguo con columnas y estatuas clasicas en la plaza y en el centro se encuentra una representacion de la ciudad perdida de Atlantes con agua, fuego y humo saliendo de una impresionante fuente que tiene por fondo un acuario de 50,000 galones de agua salada, haciendo de sus compras una experiencia Romana en los tiempos de los dioses Apollo, Venus y Plutus entre tantos.