atlas

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Related to atlantes: Atlantis

atlas

 [at´las]
the first cervical vertebra, the uppermost segment of the vertebral column, which supports the skull.
 Atlas. (A), (top) superior aspect; (bottom) transverse aspect. Note the absence of the body and spinous process. (B), position. From Dorland's, 2000.

at·las

(at'las), [TA]
First cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.
[G. Atlas, in Greek mythology, a Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders]

atlas

/at·las/ (at´las) the first cervical vertebra.
Enlarge picture
Atlas. (A), (Top) superior aspect; (bottom) transverse aspect. Note the absence of the body and spinous process. (B), Position.

atlas

(ăt′ləs)
n. pl. at·lases
Anatomy The top or first cervical vertebra of the neck, which supports the skull.

atlas

Etymology: Gk, atlas, to bear, a mythical giant, compelled to uphold the world
the first cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and the axis.

ATLAS

Cardiology
(1) Assessment of Treatment with Lisinopril and Survival. A trial comparing the effects of high to low doses of Zestril®/lisinopril on morbidity and mortality (M&M) in patients with CHF.
 
Logistics
Randomised, double-blind, parallel-group; 3164 patients.
 
Conclusion
Combined risk of mortality and hospitalisation was 12% lower in the high-dose group.
 
(2) Acolysis during Treatment of Lesions Affecting Saphenous Vein Bypass Grafts. A trial evaluating the use of percutaneous CUT for managing thrombosed coronary SVGs.
 
Primary endpoint
Composite (minimum) lumen diameter <30%, TIMI-3 flow, 30-day freedom from MACE; was achieved in 54% of CUT patients vs 73% of abciximab patients.
 
Logistics
Randomised, controlled, multicentre; 191 patients (92 CUT, 89 abciximab followed by PCI).
 
Conclusion
CUT should not be used during PCI of thrombosed SVGs.

Oncology
Adjuvant Tamoxifen Longer Against Shorter. A trial that asked the optimal duration of adjuvant tamoxifen (a SERM) therapy in women with early breast CA.
 
Logistics
Randomised, international; 13752 enrolled.
 
Sports medicine
Athletes’ Training and Learning to Avoid Anabolic Steroids. A multi-component school-based program for male high school athletes (age 13 to 19), which capitalises on team-centred dynamics and uses positive peer pressure and role modelling to reduce the use of anabolic steroids, alcohol and other drugs.
 
Intervention
A highly scripted 10-session curriculum.
 
Results
New substance use and anabolic steroid use decreased by 50%; drinking and driving decreased by 25%; decreased use of drugs, alcohol and performance-enhancing agents; increased exercise and nutrition.

ATLAS

Cardiology A five-yr, randomized, double-blind trial–Assessment of Treatment with Lisinopril & Survival–which evaluated the effect of high vs low doses of Zestril®/lisinopril on M&M in Pts with CHF; high doses appear to be effective. See Lisinopril Sports medicine A 5-yr controlled trial–Athletes' Training and Learning to Avoid Anabolic Steroids begun in 1993 and funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse. See Anabolic steroids.

at·las

(at'lăs) [TA]
First cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.
Synonym(s): vertebra C1.
[G. Atlas, in Greek mythology, a Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders]

atlas

See ATLAS BONE.

atlas

the first vertebra of TETRAPODS, linking skull and axis.

atlas,

n C1, the first cervical vertebra. The skull sits upon this vertebra, which allows the head to tilt forward and backward. The atlas rests on the axis, allowing for rotation. See also axis.
Enlarge picture
Atlas.

at·las

(at'lăs) [TA]
First cervical vertebra, articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.
[G. Atlas, in Greek mythology, a Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders]

atlas

the first cervical vertebra, the uppermost segment of the backbone which supports the skull, characterized by the absence of a body and a wide vertebral canal.
References in periodicals archive ?
van der, 1997-, Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, 't Goy-Houten, HES Publishers, v.
Parece que hay una intencionalidad en la seleccion de los nombres atlantes, tomados de los poemas homericos, excepto Diaprepes que aparece en el Seudo Heraclito asignado a las Hesperides, leyenda relacionada por Hesiodo con el mito de Atlas (6).
Platon hace igualmente una descripcion detallada de la muralla que protege la ciudad de los Atlantes (37).
La misma explicacion evemerista es seguida por Diodoro en su descripcion de la tierra de los Atlantes, a la que, <<segun algunos>>, se remonta el origen de los dioses.
The description given by van der Krogt (5) in his revised edition of Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici accords exactly with the format of this volume with the exception of the missing title page.
The characters of The Cycle, The Janitor, Rupert, the Atlantes, ViceVersa and um, might readily take a break in Stevenage with the Jarvis gang, even if their discourse is more pre-Socratic than negative-dialectical.
El interior del forum esta disenado como un foro Romano antiguo con columnas y estatuas clasicas en la plaza y en el centro se encuentra una representacion de la ciudad perdida de Atlantes con agua, fuego y humo saliendo de una impresionante fuente que tiene por fondo un acuario de 50,000 galones de agua salada, haciendo de sus compras una experiencia Romana en los tiempos de los dioses Apollo, Venus y Plutus entre tantos.
Su nombre deriva de los miticos atlantes, quienes, segun el historiador, habitaban en la mauritania.
La construccion de un gran Parque Municipal, aledano al Barrio Obrero, que abarcaria un area de 84 manzanas, en el que se habia proyectado una laguna artificial y un gran arco de triunfo rematado por un conjunto de atlantes que soportaban un gran globo terraqueo, ademas de columnas esbeltas con motivos clasicistas.
Thanks to Rilke's efforts at topographical precision, the street down which Luisa gaily trots back to the city is clearly the Spornergasse (nowadays Nerudova street), the major artery sloping downwards from the castle, and the ancient palace with "murrische Tor-Riesen" unavoidably suggests the Morzin palace, the entrance of which is guarded by massive atlantes that dominate the lower part of the street.
Here are the temple at Bassae, both as reconstructed by Laubin and drawn by Cockerell, and the Temple of the Giants at Agrigentum and one of its straining atlantes.