athetosis


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Related to athetosis: dystonia, Pupillary athetosis

athetosis

 [ath″ĕ-to´sis]
repetitive involuntary, slow, sinuous, writhing movements.
 Positions of fingers in movements of athetosis. From Dorland's, 2000.

ath·e·to·sis

(ath'ĕ-tō'sis),
A condition in which there is a constant succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of the fingers and hands, and sometimes of the toes and feet. Usually caused by an extrapyramidal lesion.
[G. athetos, without position or place]

athetosis

(ăth′ĭ-tō′sĭs)
n.
A constant succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of fingers and hands, and sometimes of toes and feet.

ath′e·toid′, ath′e·to′sic (-tŏt′ĭk), ath′e·tot′ic (-tŏt′ĭk) adj.

athetosis

Slow, uncoordinated, involuntary writhing movements (most severe in the fingers, hands, arms, legs and neck), difficulty feeding, hypotonia and spasms; athetosis may be accompanied by cerebral palsy.

Aetiology
Lesions in the brain, especially the corpus striatum, due to neonatal jaundice (kernicterus), asphyxia and thalamic stroke.

Management
Most pharmacologic agents (e.g., haloperidol, diazepam, curare and others) are ineffective.

athetosis

Mobile spasm Neurology Constant, slow involuntary writhing movements, most severe in hands; A CNS disorder characterized by continual uncoordinated movements of the limbs

ath·e·to·sis

(ath'ĕ-tō'sis)
Slow, writhing, snakelike involuntary movements involving flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of the fingers and hands, and sometimes of the toes and feet as well. Usually caused by an extrapyramidal lesion.
See also: choreathetosis, chorea, dyskinesia, cerebral palsy
Synonym(s): Hammond disease.
[G. athetos, without position or place]

athetosis

A neurological disorder featuring involuntary, slow writhing movements of the hands, arms, face and tongue caused by a form of CEREBRAL PALSY. The commonest causes are ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS from rhesus incompatibility and brain lack of oxygen during birth. Intelligence may be unaffected but there is usually severe speech difficulty and the appearance suggests mental retardation to the observer. Seizures are common.

Athetosis

A condition marked by slow, writhing, involuntary muscle movements.

Hammond,

William A., U.S. neurologist, 1828-1900.
Hammond disease - a condition in which there is a constant succession of involuntary movements of the fingers and hands, and sometimes of the toes and feet. Synonym(s): athetosis

ath·e·to·sis

(ath'ĕ-tō'sis)
A condition involving a constant succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of the fingers and hands, and sometimes of the toes and feet.
[G. athetos, without position or place]
References in periodicals archive ?
Involuntary movements in basal ganglia diseases include (1) tremor, (2) chorea, (3) ballism, (4) athetosis, and (5) dystonia.
It is estimated that up to half of the individuals with cerebral palsy are of average or better IQ (Sigelman, 1977; Vernon, 1970), and that children with athetosis tend to have higher IQs (Cruickshank, 1976; Vernon, 1970).
The children first exhibit hypotonic tendancies (a lack of muscular tone), but this eventually becomes a pattern of either spasticity (hypertonicity) or athetosis (involuntary limb motion) or both.
In answer to the question, "Can I have sex or not?", she talks about the considerations if a person has an amputation, asthma, blindness/visual impairment, cerebral palsy with athetosis, cerebral palsy with spasticity etc.
Severe overdoses may result in cerebral edema, tremors, athetosis, tonic-clonic seizures, coma, cardiovascular collapse, or death.
The abnormal muscle movements may appear as muscle spasms, twitching, chorea, or athetosis. The movements characteristic of chorea are sudden and brisk, appearing as a flicking or jerking in the trunk, pelvis, arms, and legs, or as a grimace, frown, tic, or smirk in the muscles of the face.
For example, children with severe athetosis, and several in a class for the chronically ill, declared themselves as healthy yet they said a child in a wheelchair would be unhealthy.
His diagnoses include spastic guadriparesis, athetosis of the right arm, cerebral palsy, progressive scoliosis, and mental retardation.
Movement disorders have a wide spectrum, including spasticity, chorea, tics, athetosis, myoclonus, asterixis, hemiballismus, dystonia and many more.
The superior limbs showed a dystonic posture of the wrist with athetosis of the fingers that were enhanced with the eyes closed.
Out of the 140 CP children, 102 (72.9%) were spastic, 4 (2.8%) had athetosis, 5 (3.6%) rigidity, 4 (2.8%) ataxia and 25 (17.9%) had mixed CP.
Brain injury following NMS can cause truncal ataxia, limb ataxia, athetosis, hemiballismus, dysmetria, dysarthria, sensory function problems, balance problems, persistent amnesia, difficulties comprehending commands, attention problems, and electroencephalograph or MRI abnormalities.